Kuigi võrdlevuuringute olulisus ei ole vist kunagi väike olnud, siis tundub, et kiirete ja õigete vastuste otsinguil olevad inimesed langevad järjest enam ülelihtsustamise lõksu. Otsitakse ja leitakse enda soovidele sobivaid praktikaid, mida serveeritakse lihtsalt “siin-ja-seal on täpselt samamoodi” ning püütakse kopeerida publitseeritud edukaid praktikaid. Ja siin tulebki mängu võrdlevanalüüsi olulisus. Võrdlemine on küll vajalik ja võib palju kasulikku infot ilmutada, kuid ainult siis, kui see on läbi viidu metoodiliselt asjakohaselt. Sestap siinne lugu oma koha leidiski.
The study of policing is comparative when the goal is to explain why various police systems have similarities or diﬀerences. Researchers should look systematically for trends, patterns, and regularities among police systems. The comparative method may be regarded as a procedure for eliminating false propositions (Cohen and Nagel 1934, p. 259) and can be applied to the study of policing. Further developments in comparative studies will require that every concept, starting with the police, is reconsidered with a view to becoming ‘portable’ (Sartori 1970).
Comparative policing can be deﬁned as a combination of a substantive focus on the study of police systems and a method for identifying and explaining the similarities and diﬀerences between policing in diﬀerent countries.
Politseivaldkond on küll erialakirjanduses esindatud, aga …
At least eleven international, peer-reviewed journals have the word ‘police’ or ‘policing’ in their titles. 4 However, most of the production of knowledge centres on local studies or single-nation studies and is rarely about the comparison of ‘police’ in diﬀerent national settings.
Scholars have faced three diﬃculties in thinking about appropriate deﬁnitions. Diﬀerences between countries, lack of (internal) unity of police due to the heterogeneity of the tasks they are entrusted with, and the unﬁnished quest to delineate the police from other organisations (for example, private police, armies, militias). In many countries, ‘policing’ is now both authorised and delivered by a range of diverse actors including governments and governmental regulatory agencies (Jones and Newburn 2006).
Politsei kitsamalt ja avaramalt:
The police as an institution is only one part of the larger function of policing a society, a function that includes all disciplinary mechanisms (Neocleous 2000). The police then become indistinguishable from other organisations as they share the same aim of disciplining or ‘policing’ society.
Kuidas võrrelda raskestivõrreldavaid:
There is signiﬁcant variation in the delegation of political powers to police, and consequently in the structure of public police organisations, in diﬀerent countries. One single central political authority (in Denmark) or a multiplicity of them (in Germany, Mexico or Switzerland) may be entrusted with such powers.
Vihje lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:
In this ﬁrst volume of Comparative Policing Review, several aspects of the contributions are instructive.
Sebastian Roché & Jenny Fleming (2022): Cross-national research. A new frontier for police studies, Policing and Society.