Karistamine, süüdlaste otsimine, vangla ja riigi-elanike suhe on praegu vist jälle hoogsama teisenemise faasis. Sestap on hea võimalus jagada vabalevis olevat teksti karistamisest, inimõigustest ja vanglast, kus kaks sotsiaalteaduste raskekahurväelast on peale lahkumist tekstide kaudu vestlusesse asetatud.
Lugemiseks oleks hea aega varuda, kuid see tasub ennast kuhjaga.
Foucault’s theories have had a huge impact on criminal justice scholarship in the English-speaking world, particularly in the United States (Garland, 1990: 131; Harcourt, 2020: passim; Whitman, 2003: 5).
Selleks, et paremini mõista:
To better understand Foucault, this article contrasts his perspective with that of Marc Ancel, an influential French scholar who argued that prisons have the capacity to rehabilitate and humanize prisoners.
Our back-and-forth between Ancel and Foucault follows a dialectic framework: thesis–antithesis–synthesis. 2 The thesis is Ancel’s theory on the humanization of criminal punishment since the Enlightenment, including gradual reforms toward modern principles of rehabilitation and human rights. The antithesis is Foucault’s theory of the prison as a means of insidious social control rationalized by humanism and rehabilitation. The synthesis is the mutual convergence of Ancel and Foucault toward one another.
But Ancel advocated a “new social defense” because he placed greater emphasis on rehabilitation and envisioned “the defense of human rights, the protection of the human being and therefore the passionate search for a criminal justice policy of a humanistic kind, in the strongest sense of the word [humaniste]” (1981: 7).
To Foucault, the development of modern individualism discussed above was not synonymous with growing liberty, but with the state’s domination of the individual (Ferry and Renaut, 1985).
Thus, some claim that Ancel influenced Sarkozy’s repressive legislation (Danet, 2008), although this is doubtful (Dreyfus, 2010; Sizaire, 2017; Wyvekens, 2010). Sarkozy (2007) endorsed the permanent incapacitation, vilification, and dehumanization of “predators”, whereas Ancel’s career focused on defending prisoners’ human rights and opportunity for rehabilitation so that they may reenter society.
Paradoxically, criminal law has long both generated human rights violations and human rights norms to remedy these very violations, as illustrated by the adoption and abolition of life without parole in Europe.
Jouet, M. (2022). Foucault, prison, and human rights: A dialectic of theory and criminal justice reform. Theoretical Criminology, 26(2), 202–223. https://doi.org/10.1177/13624806211015968