Nurjatud probleemid on sotsiaalteadustes olnud järjest tõusva tähelepanu all. Siin üks uuring, mis võiks huvi pakkuda valitsejatele ja organisatsioonikujundajatele, sest tegeleb küsimusega, kuidas valitsemisrežiimid võivad nurjatute probleemidega tegelemiseks tõkkeid veeretada.
Mis on reziimiteooria?
Regime theory commonly seeks to explain how actors initiate and sustain interaction and collective responses to such complex social issues (Wijen & Ansari, 2007).
How do regimes form barriers to addressing wicked problems, and which mechanisms sustain such barriers?
Empirically, we focus on displacement as a persistent and intensifying wicked problem. […] We examine how the institution that maintains responsibility to address displacement, namely the transnational regime for refugee protection, formed barriers to addressing the very problem it was meant to alleviate. […] In this case study, we explore how the transnational regime for refugee protection responds to the displacement crisis, and by doing so intensifies the very problem it was meant to alleviate.
Through our model, we identify four mechanisms of dissociation – discounting, delimiting, separating and displaying. These mechanisms of dissociation give rise to distinct regime-level barriers – a valuational, attentional, distancing and functional barrier. Each barrier blocks the regime’s ability to recognize a specific wicked problem dynamic and therefore hinders appropriate responses to the situation.
Lugemishuvi suurendav vihje kokkuvõttest:
As our study indicates, change efforts and ‘re-solutions’ to these wicked problems cannot simply be designed at the desk of experts or policy makers, as barriers are deeply embedded within the existing institutionalized practices and policies that so far remained poorly understood.
Frey-Heger, C., Gatzweiler, M., & Hinings, B. (2021). No end in sight: How regimes form barriers to addressing the wicked problem of displacement. Organization Studies. https://doi.org/10.1177/01708406211044869