Siinviidatu leidis oma koha peamiselt põhjusel, et tegeleb väga spetsiifilise politseitööga seonduva aspektiga: töörežiimi ja toitumise vaheliste seostega. Politseinike, nii nagu kõikide teiste professioonide esindajatel, on tööst tõukuvad riskid tervisele, mida oleks kasulik tunnistada ja millega tegeleda. Siinviidatu tegeles väga kitsa – arusaadavalt! – perspektiiviga. On lootus, et uurimustööd hakkavad sedalaadi küsimusi kajastama ka avaramalt, st toiduvalikute küsimusi nii indiviidi tervise kui ka kestliku arengu seisukohast.

Kontekstiks:

“Due to the high occupational stress, there are approximately 2% of the UK police force are currently on long-term sickness leave, the highest it has been in 10 years (2). Furthermore, a substantial amount of research has demonstrated high rates of overweight, obesity and cardiometabolic health conditions in police officers across the world (2-5)” (Allen et al., 2022, p. 2)

Kontekstuaalsed toitumist ja tervist mõjutavad faktorid:

“To ensure policing services are available around the clock, shift work, is common practice. This, however, is widely associated with a higher risk of obesity (9), diabetes (10), hypertension (11) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) (12). Whilst several physiological, behavioural and environmental factors contribute to these outcomes, the unifying component is the effect that shift work has on the body’s circadian system.” (Allen et al., 2022, p. 2)

Politseitöö vahetustega töö erisused:

“A police officer’s job is unique in not only its physical demand, involving periods of high-intensity activity whilst wearing 7-40 kilograms of protective gear (19) but also in its spontaneous nature and lack of designated breaks.” (Allen et al., 2022, p. 3)

Autorid sõnastava eesmärgi:

“The aim of this research, therefore, is to understand the barriers and the impact that different shift types have on the dietary habits of police officers in the UK, using an online cross-sectional survey.” (Allen et al., 2022, p. 4)

Andmeallikad:

“130 individuals completed the survey. However, three were excluded due to not working shifts, leaving a sample of 127 British Police Officers, with the participant demographics outlined in table 1.” (Allen et al., 2022, p. 7)

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

“Shift work was found to have a negative impact on the diet quality of UK police officers, with scores being significantly lower on all shift types compared to rest days. Furthermore, most participants said that their diet has been affected by working shifts, specifically through their increased reliance on convenience and poor-quality foods and altered frequency and timing of food consumption. The majority of this group were overweight or obese (65.4%) which somewhat reflects these findings.” (Allen et al., 2022, p. 11)

Allen, K., Safi, A., & Deb, S. K. (2022). An exploration into the impact that shift work has on the nutritional behaviours of UK police officers. British Journal of Nutrition, 1–27. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114522002999