Vägivald on vägivald. Indiviidi perspektiivist on ilmselt tegemist peamiselt tunnetuskategooriaga. Ühiskonnas mõtestatuna ja püüdes turvalisusküsimustes seletusi ning leevendusi leida, tuleks aga kasuks veidi detailsem teadmus. Sestap see lugu siin oma koha leidiski. Huvitavat leiab siit nii politseinik, vangivalvur, poliitikakujundaja, haridustöötaja, lapsevanem kui ka sooliste stereotüüpide kaudu ümbritsevale tähenduse andja.

Kontekstiks:

Research has consistently found that regardless of data or methodology (official crime statistics or self-reported surveys), men are more likely to be physically aggressive than women, a result sometimes referred to as the “gender gap” in violence (Giordano & Copp, 2019).

Autorid seavad eesmärke:

With this in mind, the present study has two specific goals; first, to assess variation in violent offending both across and within gender groups, using samples of individuals known to have engaged in crime; and second, to examine the contribution of various demographic and theoretical predictors in explaining variation in violent offending.

Vägivaldsus ja otsustamine:

A social interactionist perspective on violence presented by Felson (1993) argues that all aggression is instrumental and involves a decision-making process that takes place under the limits of bounded rationality (e.g., limits on available information about consequences, limits on the availability of behavioral alternatives).

Valim:

Despite the fact that this correctional agency’s policies prohibit compensation for research participation, the sample of 1,006 respondents represents an 82% response rate (of 1,223 individuals originally solicited) and included 815 men and 191 women.

Vägivaldse käitumise ennustamisest:

We found little support for the notion that relevant predictors of aggression would operate differently for men as compared to women. Most of the predictors of aggression that we included in our models (including common criminological concepts like social- and self-control measures, deviant peers, conventional values) were related (or not significantly related) to aggression intentions in similar ways among each sub-sample (i.e., they were significant predictors for both men and women).

On siiski erisusi:

Specifically, prior physical aggression and family attachment were significant predictors of aggression among women, but not for men.

Stereotüüpide toetajatele:

Similarly, higher education levels may enhance perceptions of the consequences of violence for women, for whom aggression is less socially acceptable to begin with, but may not alter perceptions of consequences among men, especially those already enmeshed in criminal behavior like the sample used here. Contrary to theoretical expectations, higher levels of family attachment significantly increased aggressive responses among women, but not men.

Bouffard, L. A., Muftić, L. R., Niebuhr, N., & Bouffard, J. A. (2022). A Person-Centered, Theoretically-Informed Analysis of Gender Differences in Aggression. Crime & Delinquency, 00111287211072436.