Tehnoloogiavõimalused ja globaliseerumine lõi soodsa pinnase uut tüüpi vabakutseliste tekkimiseks. Endale ise tööd pakkuvaid inimesi tekkis hulgaliselt. Paljud neist tundsid vajadust “minna tööle”, st minna kodust ära kusagile mujale töökeskkonda. Selliselt tekkisid uutmoodi nö rendikontorid, kus vabakutselised või mingil muul põhjusel organisatsiooni põhiasukohast või ruumidest eemal töötavad inimesed said endale rentida töökoha, kus “tööl käia”.
Siin üks huvitav artikkel humanitaaria valdkonna ajakirjast, mida tasuks lugeda nii kodustöötajatel kui ülemustel-bürokraatidel, kes soovivad mõista üksitöötamise ja koos töötamise mõtestamise teisenemisi, mis võivad avada uksi arenguteks nö mõõdukamate piirangutega perioodideks.

Konteksti avades märgitakse:

Started in 2005 as a self-proclaimed grassroots movement promoting collaboration and communitarian interaction among freelancers (Reed, 2007), in about a decade coworking has evolved into a ‘neo-corporate’ model of flexible work […] Recently, however, we have witnessed the appearance of coworking spaces and practices that explicitly represent themselves as alternatives to the neo-corporate model (Merkel, 2019). Interestingly, some of these spaces have appeared also outside the usual setting of the global city, in peripheral or disadvantaged areas (e.g. Fuzi, 2015) or emerging economies (e.g. Thailand and Malaysia, see Leung and Cossu, 2019). We define such spaces as ‘resilient’; […] to describe shared workspaces that do not oppose the evolution of work towards flexibility and independence, but position themselves against the entrepreneurial ideology of ‘collaborative individualism’ (Bandinelli and Gandini, 2019) that characterises the neo-corporate coworking model.

Autorid väidavad:

we argue that the diffusion of resilient coworking practices as here defined might be seen as the harbinger of a new phase in the evolution of coworking.

WeWork on ilmselt üks tuntumaid selliste koostöötamise töökohtade loojatest ja sõnastab enda visiooni järgmiselt:

When we started WeWork in 2010, we wanted to build more than beautiful, shared office spaces. We wanted to build a community. A place you join as an individual, ‘me’, but where you become part of a greater ‘we’. A place where we’re redefining success measured by personal fulfillment, not just the bottom line. Community is our catalyst.

Kokkuvõttes märgitakse muuhulgas:

These spaces do not enact just ‘imagined’ or ‘recursive’ coworking communities (Arvidsson, 2018); on the contrary, while they engage in initiatives that make use of some of the discourses and practices of neo-corporate coworking to distinguish themselves in the innovation scene, they put at the centre of their practice the quality of the social relations that are created within and beyond the space. In so doing, they embrace innovation and change but do not accept it as a given, or fail to question it. […] Resilient coworking spaces appear to bring coworking practices beyond its traditional boundaries at a time when knowledge and creative work also experience a tension towards escaping the urban environment, in favour of trendy forms of ‘digital nomadism’ (Reichenberger, 2018).

Gandini, A., & Cossu, A. (2021). The third wave of coworking: ‘Neo-corporate’ model versus ‘resilient’ practice. European Journal of Cultural Studies, 24(2), 430–447. https://doi.org/10.1177/1367549419886060