Ei ole suurt vaidlust selle üle, et nii füüsiline kui sotsiaalne keskkond on kuritegevuses olulised, niisamuti nagu nendevaheline suhe. Siinviidatud artikli ambitsioon:
The current study draws upon the broad range of theories of neighborhood correlates of crime to examine whether social structural characteristics or environmental features of neighborhoods were more strongly associated with homicides in Baton Rouge, LA. We make several contributions to the research on neighborhood correlates of crime.
Isegi politsei erialakirjanduses on harva kasutatud terminit egohood. Niisiis vihje:
In their foundational study on egohoods, Hipp and Boessen (2013) created egohoods based upon ¼, ½, and 3 4 mile radii, but note that the ½ mile radius egohoods were closer approximations to census tracts boundaries most frequently used in research on neighborhood correlates of crime. Therefore, we used the ½ mile radius threshold when creating the current study’s egohoods.
Kokkuvõttes märgivad autorid muuhulgas:
The results of the current study indicate that while the physical landscape of a neighborhood was a strong predictor of violent crime, the social structural features of neighborhoods appear to be more important, particularly over the long term. […] we suggest the relationship of physical disorder and homicide may be indirect (see Gault and Silver, 2008) and strategies like blight abatement/ remediation may have other important implications for neighborhoods such as improved health and reductions in fear of crime (Branas et al., 2018; Kondo et al., 2018; MacDonald et al., 2019).
Barton, M. S., Valasik, M. A., & Brault, E. (2021). Disorder or Disadvantage: Investigating the Tension Between Neighborhood Social Structure and the Physical Environment on Local Violence. Criminal Justice Review. https://doi.org/10.1177/0734016821996798