Proloog: miks ametnikke ei sallita?

Siinviidatu on üks neist tekstidest, mida tuleb juba esimesel kohtumisel lugeda vähemalt kaks korda. Ja põhjust on siin kuhjaga.


But rare is the shock that is unpredictable, immediate, and universal. However, the world is currently experiencing such a shock in the form of the Covid-19 pandemic (Roberts, 2020b). The Covid-19 pandemic is striking during a time of eroding trust in government institutions (see Kettl, 2017), democratic backsliding in countries such as Turkey, the Philippines, and the United States, and the move away toward European unity via Brexit. Prominent indictments of the ability of the PA field to handle the major crises of our time, though offered prior to the Covid-19 pandemic, nonetheless force questioning of the current state of PA research (Fukuyama, 2018).

NB! Oodatud ootamatusest võib midagi leida ka siit.

Midagi ei jää varju …

When prominent leaders such as former Vice-President Pence dismissed state responses as overreaching because Covid-19 is only a problem for the elderly and people with preexisting conditions (see: Pence, 2020), he was de-facto arguing that the experiences of some Americans matter less than others. To put it another away, the argument is that government action in response to a pandemic should pick winners and losers based on evidence of who is most at risk. While a strategy like this is grounded in some logic, it also violates the core tenet of social equity.

Autori ambitsioon:

In this article, I probe into the concept of humanity as a tool for resolving macro-level value conflicts in PA.

Mida autori jaoks tähendab inimlikkusest tõukuv avalik juhtimine:

I define humanity driven PA as an approach that embraces the commonalties of the human condition, including emotion, lived-experience, perceptions, zones of acceptance, and what Simon (1976) called bounded rationality, in its development and application. […] a humanity driven PA requires reconstituting long-standing value conflicts in our field as value hierarchies.

Aga mis on inimlikkus?

Broadly, humanity can be understood as that which makes us human. Or, as stated earlier, humanity refers to the commonalties of the human condition. In the practice of PA the idea of humanity is best understood as the human experience in the context of the state. […] In other words, behavior matters, history matters, organizations matter, but so does the respect for that which makes each individual human, that is, emotion, lived-experience, perceptions, zones of acceptance, and bounded rationality.

Tähelepanek tõsiasjast, mille puudumist võib märgata mitmetes avalikes organisatsioonides …

As is often demonstrated in PA, rational systems work well until confronted by the irrational.

Väärtuskonflikt avalikus juhtimises:

core goals of PA can overlap in ways that make progress toward those goals impossible, or at the very least less than ideal.

Mõned järeldused:

When done poorly PA can accentuate inequality, encourage waste, and at the extreme, be weaponized in ways that rationalize the dehumanization of minority populations. Embracing PA has a human driven field by reclassifying our value conflicts as value hierarchies provides a roadmap to advancing theory and practice in a manner consistent with the commonalities of the human experience.

Ford, M. R. (2021). Making People Matter: Moving Toward a Humanity-Based Public Administration. Administration & Society.