Tõenduspõhine (või teadmistepõhine või analüüsipõhine või …) politseistrateegia on paljude politseijuhtide retoorikas, kuid selle praktilise sisustamisega ei pruugi väga lihtsalt minna. Et otsustada mõne strateegia asjakohasuse üle, oleks vaja tunda ka mitmeid teisi (eri tasandi, funktsioonide, jms) strateegiaid, mõista konteksti, tunda organisatsiooni võimekusi ja institutsionaalset keskkonda, jpm. Oleks väga üllatav, kui mõnd strateegiat õnnestub organisatsioonis läbivalt juurutada olukorras, kus erinevaid professioone käsitletakse erinevalt. Näiteks politseinikuks on vaja õppida, kuid juhiks mitte ning juhtimise on midagi iseenesestmõistetavat ja teistest professioonidest kõrgemal.

Siinviidatu on vabalevis olev tekst, mis võiks huvi pakkuda kõikidele politsei ja turvalisushuvilistele, aga ka laiemale lugejaskonnale ja organisatsioonidest huvitatutele.

Kontekstiks:

After almost three decades of thinking, writing, research, and practice, the idea of EBP is very much a reality. For sure, there is much work to do: overcoming institutional resistance, bridging the research-practice divide, and furnishing police leaders and practitioners with the tools necessary to adopt an evidence-based approach in their day-to-day operations.

Kas eksimine on lubatud?

Like other disciplines or professions purporting to embrace the evidence-based paradigm, failure is to be expected. Just as accepting the principle that failure is at the core of advancing science (Firestein, 2016), it is what is done with these failures that is crucial to advancement of knowledge. As a pioneering historian of evidence-based medicine, Millenson (2021) is still not convinced that either medical doctors or police officers have sufficiently embraced this view of failure as indispensable to success: to “learn from our errors and misadventures” (p. 148).

Autorid täpsustavad eesmärki:

The purpose of this article is to summarize the evidence for that claim from the main findings of a new book on the subject: The Globalization of Evidence-Based Policing: Innovations in Bridging the Research-Practice Divide (Piza and Welsh, 2022).

Mis on tõenduspõhine policing:

Evidence-based policing is an active process requiring reciprocity between research and practice for maximum benefits to be achieved (Huey & Mitchell, 2019).

Paistab, et epistemoloogia on vajalik:

Piza et al. (2021) argue that the institutionalization of evidence-based policing requires understanding how scientific knowledge is produced.

Näiteks:

Two main perspectives guide this Programme’s approach to EBP: (a) EBP should serve as a “general framework for making decisions” and (b) EBP is a “strategy for organizing police activities around a holistic mission of reducing total harm from crimes” (Sherman, 2022: 301).

Kuidas edasi:

A key priority remains the need for an unrelenting focus on evaluation of all dimensions of policing. As shown in Piza and Welsh (2022), almost every element of policing is testable. Creativity and ingenuity, along with an unwavering commitment to do no harm, are the engines driving EBP innovations.

Piza, E. L., & Welsh, B. C. (2022). Evidence-Based Policing is Here to Stay: Innovative Research, Meaningful Practice, and Global ReachCambridge Journal of Evidence-Based Policing, 1-12.