Siinviidatu on vabalevis olev tekst, mis leidis oma koha peamiselt põhjusel, et seab fookusesse õppimise, tagasiside ja kohandumise väliskeskkonnaga. Tagasiside on õppimiseks-arenguks vajalik aluseeldus, kuid ometi suhtutakse sellesse sageli ükskõikselt või jääb sootuks tähelepanuta.

Tekst võiks huvi pakkuda kõikidele turvalisushuvilistele aga ka näiteks organisatsioonidest huvitatutele ja hariduskorraldajatele. Keskne küsimus siit: kuidas saada adekvaatset jooksvat tagasisidet käitumise korrigeerimiseks?

Kontekstiks:

For over three decades, hot spots policing (HSP) has been extensively tested by using “parallel track” comparisons between two (or more) groups of hot spots over long periods of time (90 to 365 days). […] In recent years, however, the parallel track trials have often been replaced by “repeat crossover” designs of HSP evaluations—especially in the UK. In this design, each hot spot serves as its own control.

Jooksva testimise peamine eesmärk:

The primary purpose of test-as-you-go is not to produce published studies for the accumulation of global knowledge about HSP (e.g., Braga et al, 2019); it is to prevent as much crime as possible, on a continuous basis, with local knowledge about the cumulative and most recent outcomes of the effectiveness of HSP in each specific hot spot.

Mille järgi edukust hinnata:

Even leading criminologists (e.g., Nagin & Sampson, 2019) have argued that local crime reduction does not matter if a citywide benefit cannot be proven.

Paralleel:

Much of the practice of medicine follows a “test-asyou-go” principle in which doctors first try one treatment (based in part on results of randomized trials), then switch to other treatments if the first choice did not improve the patient’s condition. […] By individualizing high-crime places in which crime does not respond to HSP, police leaders do not have to fix the entire strategic system. All they have to do is look at the facts for any one hot spot, and modify the specific tactics at that location.

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks ja haridusest-juhtimisest huvitatutele:

A recently published 9-month comparison of two parallel tracks of hot spot patrols (in 3 US cities at once), for example, found that a 5-day course of procedural justice training for hot spots patrol officers reduced both arrests and crime, as well as perceptions by local residents that police used excessive force or harassed local citizens (Weisburd, et al, 2022).

Sherman, L. W. (2022). “Test-As-You-Go” for Hot Spots Policing: Continuous Impact Assessment with Repeat Crossover DesignsCambridge Journal of Evidence-Based Policing, 1-17.