Teoreetikute-praktikute vastandused ja nende vastanduste ületamise katsed on tuttavad paljudes valdkondades ja mitmetes riikides aga ka riikideüleselt. Siinviidatu keskendub USA politsei näitel järgmisele:
this article sheds light on the lessons learned while working toward creating changes in policies and practices in small and midsize police agencies that do not receive the same level of attention as large police agencies across the United States. Small agencies with fewer than 25 full-time sworn officers make up about three quarters (75%) of all local police departments in the United States (Hyland & Davis, 2019).
Mure seniste uuringute piiratusest:
Despite the fact that the vast majority of law enforcement agencies serve communities with residential populations of 50,000 or less and employ less than 25 officers, the lack of research on these smaller agencies has led to a delay in the progress made by small and midsize agencies in identifying and addressing current and future issues (Hyland & Davis, 2019; International Association of Chiefs of Police, 2015).
Autorid esitavad mõned võimalikud erisused:
Early partnerships formed between researchers and practitioners have revealed a number of challenges in working with two very distinct traditions of thinking about policing. Commonly cited barriers to RPPs have included, but are not limited to, training, language, relationship building, leadership, resources, and responses to crises. Some scholars have characterized these distinct traditions based on cultural differences that need to be understood from both sides to form and develop these relationships (Bradley & Nixon, 2009; Buerger, 2010).
First, the success of the project will depend on the consistent communication among researchers, practitioners, and other key stakeholders.
Second, most small agencies have not had the opportunity to carefully review patterns and trends in their traffic and pedestrian stop activity previously. It became clear to the research team that the data needed to be shared and discussed regularly with each agency to illustrate the analytical approach and to understand any changes in patterns.
Third, it was clear that there was a need for a local champion in the CJCC as well as in the local law enforcement agencies. As indicated earlier, initially many officers expressed concerns about the project. Thus, the research team needed at least one individual officer in each agency to explain how this project could benefit the agency in the long-term and to assure the officers that they would not unfairly be labeled as racist.
Fourth, it is important for the researcher to understand the concerns about the individual costs to the practitioners involved in RPPs.
Finally, like many other public agencies, severe budget cuts have affected some police departments’ ability to perform their services over the last decade.
Iwama, J., McDevitt, J., & Bieniecki, R. (2021). Building Bridges Between Researchers and Police Practitioners in Small and Midsize Law Enforcement Agencies in the United States. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice. https://doi.org/10.1177/1043986221999882