“This article aims to explain the main technological changes introduced in the police forces in recent years, especially in terms of the use of data (crime mapping, data mining and big data), technological innovations in criminal investigation or patrolling (body and car cameras or vehicle licence plate readers, UAVs -drones-), to end with a more diffuse technological development such as the application of the misnamed (We say misnamed, because there are multiple types of intelligence and not just one, just as the terminological concreteness leads us to indicate that they are mathematical processes, more or less complex, but still far from human intelligence. We don’t know in a few years’ time, but at present technological development indicates that this is the case) artificial intelligence to decision-making in the police (predictive policing).” (Gonzalez-Garcia and Sanchez, 2022, p. 118)

Kolm tehisintellekti mudelit:

“It is currently recognised that there are three models of AI, based on the Harbers, Peters and Neerinxc model [23], the first of which is man in the loop, in which humanmachine interaction is continuous, human input is needed at intervals; secondly, man on the loop, when the machine is capable of acting by itself based on previous programming;” (Gonzalez-Garcia and Sanchez, 2022, p. 122) […] “and thirdly, man out of the loop, in which the machine acts independently based on what it has learned.” (Gonzalez-Garcia and Sanchez, 2022, p. 123)

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

“This debate stems from the vast amount of data that police forces can collect with the technologies discussed in this preliminary analysis. For this reason, police forces need to be very clear about certain issues, such as: the police model they want to implement (for example: community policing, problem-solving policing, policing oriented hot spots…), an exhaustive analysis of their resources and, above all, whether technology can help in the implementation of this model or, on the contrary, be counterproductive.” (Gonzalez-Garcia and Sanchez, 2022, p. 124)

Gonzalez-Garcia, A., & Sanchez, L. A. G. (2022). Technology and Police: A Way to Create Predicting Policing. In A. Dziech, W. Mees, & M. Niemiec (Eds.), Multimedia Communications, Services and Security (pp. 118–125). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-20215-5_10