Siinviidatud vabalevis olev tekst leidis koha peamiselt põhjusel, et eestikeelses ruumis hakkab teadmistepõhise politsei (EBP) hoogsalt levima, kuid sageli viisil, mis ei jäta suurt kahtlust: retoorika kasutaja mõtestab teadmistepõhist politseid liig-lihtsustatult.
The term Evidence Based Policing (EBP) was coined by Sherman (1998), although police utilisation of research evidence has a longer history (Knutsson, 2017). Several definitions of EBP exist, with a common thread that policing should adopt a systematic use of research and evidence to support and inform practice. Indeed, the debate around EBP tends to focus on the nature of ‘evidence; what form this should take, what counts as evidence; and, how this is best disseminated to policing (Sherman, 2015; Sparrow, 2016; Lumsden 2017; Wood et al., 2017; Fleming & Wingrove, 2017).
Autorid sõnastava eesmärgi:
Siinviidatu võiks huvi pakkuda kõikidele politsei ja turvalisushuvilistele aga ka organisatsioonihuvilistele.
A key gap explored in this paper is how perceptions and experiences of the challenges of embedding EBP vary by rank and role. […] The current paper focusses on identified organisational challenges. […] The aim of this paper is to identify and critically examine what organisational constraints, as perceived and experienced by officers and staff, are the salient barriers to engaging with and embedding EBP.
Likewise, Lumsden and Goode (2016) found that only a small number of officers felt they had the necessary skills to evaluate interventions and critically appraise evidence.
Mitmekesine politseikultuur organisatsiooniliste muudatuste takistajana:
The inherent complexities of police organisational culture may impede any efforts to implement transformational change (Cockcroft, 2014). It is important to acknowledge police cultures are not static, and indeed multiple and fluid cultures are present (Cockcroft, 2012). Some elements of police culture are essentially embedded in police forces, whilst others are more fleeting and sporadic (Loftus, 2009).
This study identified that specific procedures and processes about how to engage with EBP had not been effectively communicated. This hinders the development of a shared purpose and clear understanding of EBP (Silvesti, 2007).
A key finding was that despite senior officers generally expressing a desire to embed EBP, they did not fully recognise the challenges perceived in the wider organisation. Whilst senior officers were supportive of embedding EBP, they did not appear to recognise the inequality in opportunities to engage with EBP, or the range of challenges perceived by the wider police force.
Newton, A., & Selby-Fell, H. (2022). Embedding evidence based policing (EBP): A UK case study exploring organisational challenges. Police Journal: Theory, Practice and Principles, 1–31.