Plaanide ja kavatsuste õnnestumise kohta saab hinnangut anda tagantjärgi ning sõltumata tulemuste vastamisest kujutlustele või mõõdikutele, on tagasiside õppimise seisukohast hädavajalik. Seetõttu ka siinviidatu oma koha leidis. Küsimus sellest, kas või kuidas on turvalisusküsimused muutunud Euroopa Liidu liikmesriikides, võiks huvi pakkuda paljudele. Tapmiste arv(u dünaamika) on paljude arvates üks sedalaadi mõõdikuid, mis viitab ühiskondlike protsesside asjakohasusele avaramalt, kui konkreetne üksikjuhtum.

Kontekstiks:

One of the key objectives of the EU is to create an area of security for its citizens without internal borders. In order to achieve this, the EU makes efforts to harmonize national policies in the Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) field, undertakes joint actions and aims to strengthen cooperation between police and judicial authorities.

Püüdlused turvasaare kujundamisel:

Regardless of whether or not the EU achieves its eventual goal of building a Security Union, EU efforts show a pattern of convergence in physical security conditions among member countries.

Autorid sõnastavad eesmärgi:

The main aim of this study is to empirically investigate whether homicide rates across the EU countries tend to converge over time.

Konvergentsi karakteristikud:

Two grand theories in the cross-country comparative criminology literature, namely, modernization and conflict, both emphasize the process of economic development and its key role in convergence and divergence, respectively.

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

We assess two types of convergence: absolute (unconditional) and conditional on control variables, including GDP per capita and unemployment rate. The findings reveal clear evidence for absolute and conditional convergence of homicide rates across the EU countries. […] The results also provide empirical support for the modernization prediction that crime rates across countries with similar development processes tend to become similar in the long-run.

Adıyaman, E., & Kasman, S. (2022). Convergence in Homicide Rates Across the European Union Countries: Toward an Effective and Genuine Security Union. Crime & Delinquency. https://doi.org/10.1177/00111287221092718