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Kontekstiks: EL kui turvasaar

“One of the key objectives of the EU is to create an area of security for its citizens without internal borders. In order to achieve this, the EU makes efforts to harmonize national policies in the Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) field, undertakes joint actions and aims to strengthen cooperation between police and judicial authorities.” (Adıyaman and Kasman, 2023, p. 106)

Turvalisusühenduse peamine eesmärk on vähendada erinevusi:

“The Security Union’s main aim is to promote convergence and to reduce disparities between the levels of development in security dimensions of member countries. Progress toward “an Effective and Genuine Security Union” has been reported in a series of communications, and Security Union remains at the top of the EU’s new Security Strategy 2020 to 2025.” (Adıyaman and Kasman, 2023, p. 106)

Uuringu eesmärk ja andmestik:

“The main aim of this study is to empirically investigate whether homicide rates across the EU countries tend to converge over time.2 We use the concept of β-convergence proposed by Barro and Sala-i-Martin (1992), and employ the Generalized Method of Moments (GMM, hereafter) methodology on a dataset covering 26 EU member countries over the period between 1990 and 2018.” (Adıyaman and Kasman, 2023, p. 106)

Kuidas muutuseid seletada:

“Two grand theories in the cross-country comparative criminology literature, namely, modernization and conflict, both emphasize the process of economic development and its key role in convergence and divergence, respectively. Specifically, modernization theory, which is originally built on Durkheim’s (1951) theory of anomie, suggests that countries with a similar process of development would converge to similar crime rates in the long-run (La FREE & Drass, 2002;” (Adıyaman and Kasman, 2023, p. 107) […] “Neapolitan et al., 1997; Shelley, 1981).” (Adıyaman and Kasman, 2023, p. 108)

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

“The findings reveal clear evidence for absolute and conditional convergence of homicide rates across the EU countries. The control variables generally yield higher speed of convergence, suggesting that the EU economic integration played a role in accelerating homicide rate convergence. The results also provide empirical support for the modernization prediction that crime rates across countries with similar development processes tend to become similar in the long-run.” (Adıyaman and Kasman, 2023, p. 115)

Adıyaman, E., & Kasman, S. (2023). Convergence in Homicide Rates Across the European Union Countries: Toward an Effective and Genuine Security Union. Crime & Delinquency69(1), 105–120. https://doi.org/10.1177/00111287221092718