Küsimused valitsemisvormidest, riigi arengutasemest ja tänavatasandi bürokraatia võimalustest-mõjukusest on tõenäoliselt üks ajatumaid uurimise- ja mõtestamise valdkondi avalikus juhtimises. Siinviidatud artikkel võiks meie keeleruumi lugejale oluline olla vähemalt kahel põhjusel:
(1) artiklis kirjeldatuga sarnaseid ühiskondlikke muutuseid (iseseisvumine või iseseisvuse taastamine) mäletavad ehk mitmed selle teksti lugejad;
2) tänavatasandi bürokraatia mõtestamine relatsioonilise riigi tähendusruumi, võib olla kasulik paralleel mõistmaks (endiselt domineeriva?) klassikalise bürokraatia praktikate võimalusi (=piiratust) relatsioonilise riigivalitsemise kontekstis.


In time, Bougainville could become its own sovereign independent state. In November 2019, the people of the region voted in a referendum with astonishing unanimity (97.7%) in favour of independence from PNG. […] The literature on Street‐Level Bureaucracy is premised upon an understanding that the place ‘where the state meets the street’ (Zacka, 2017) is a domain connected, but also removed from a larger machinery of government. […] Our paper therefore explores what street‐level bureaucrats (SLBs) (Lipsky, 1980) as ‘agents of the state’ (Hupe et al., 2015) do when there is very little state for them to represent.

Kesksed mõisted tekstis:

the ‘Weberian’ or ‘bureaucratic state’ that is expressed in some limited physical ways (government offices, schools, health clinics), and also experienced in a more expansive way as a normative ideal in the public imagination. […] the ‘relational state’. Despite having no official physical presence, and an uncertain symbolic agency, it is responsible for the vast majority of the actual governance on‐the‐ground. It is the ‘state at work’ to use Bierschenk’s (2014) term, and consists of bureaucrats leveraging their relational ties, histories, connections and affiliations

Artikli panus:

Our paper contributes to the SLB literature theorising the role of social relationships and networks in SLB practices.

Vihje kokkuvõttest:

As a matter of public policy, having a clearer understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of both framings will enable more directed, informed interventions. For example, acknowledging both frames could help to show that the relational state plays an absolutely critical role in events such as holding a fair and free referendum, but is of significantly less utility in developing the plans and policy steps necessary for progressing the referendum result.

Peake, G., & Forsyth, M. Street‐level bureaucrats in a relational state: The case of Bougainville. Public Administration and Development.