Siinviidatud, kolmest arstist-teadlasest koosneva uurimisgrupi (Saray Stancic, Josh Cullimore, Neal Barnard) publikatsioon ajakirjas American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, leidis oma koha peamiselt üleeilse ja eilse postituse jätkuna. Internetis leidub raskestihoomatavas mahus informatsiooni nii kliimamuutuste, selle mõjurite kui taimse toitumise kohta. Sageli on info vastuoluline ning allikaviiteid ei ole lisatud. Siinne postitus võiks varustada huvilist eelnevaid postitusi täiendava ja indiviidi perspektiivist vajaliku infoga taimedel põhinevast toitumisharjumusest, mis on ju ka kliimaeesmärkide saavutamisel üheks mõjusamaks vahendiks just indiviidi tasandil.

Selguse huvides märgin, et siinse kodulehe üks peamine eesmärk on juhatada huvilisi tõendite juurde, eemale arvamustest ja emotsioonidest. Igaüks teeb oma valikud ise, kuid ebaadekvaatse ehk tõendamata info põhjal tehtud otsused võivad kaasa tuua ennustamatuid tagajärgi. Enne artikli juurde asumist oleks ehk kasulik tutvuda ka Eestit puudutava statistikaga surmade põhjustest. Tervise Arengu Instituudi uudise visuaalist saab igaüks üsna ühemõttelise ettekujutuse surma põhjustest ning artiklist on võimalik leida praktilisi ennetusmeetmeid.

Kontekstiks:

The fi eld of medicine, despite its prominent in fl uence in society, has invested little to promote healthy lifestyle choices. The consequence of this is re fl ected in our ever-rising chronic disease statistics, most notably obesity and diabetes rates. […] Medical schools, entrusted with the responsibility of educating our future healthcare leaders, have managed to largely bypass the topic of nutrition, arguably the most powerful healthcare intervention known to mankind. In fact, on average, medical schools offer an anemic number of hours of nutrition education over 4 years.

Kehakaal

In a prospective cohort study, which included more than 70 thousand participants, those who consumed a vegan diet could expect to weigh 4.2 kg less than their omnivore counterparts. This very same study went on to conclude that vegetarian diets were not solely of benefit to the scale but were also associated with lower all-cause mortality.

Südame- ja veresoonkonnahaigused

Heart disease remains the leading cause of death in the United States. More than 650 thousand Americans succumb to this leading killer largely fueled by poor dietary choices. […] A pooled analysis of five cohorts found a 24% lower rate of coronary heart disease deaths among vegetarians when compared to omnivores.

Vähk

Cancer remains the second leading cause of death. In a recent British publication, authors reported for those born after 1960, 50% percent could expect to receive a cancer diagnosis during their lifetime. […] Yet, risk reducing behavior modifications which include maintaining an ideal body weight, minimizing alcohol intake, remaining physically active and consuming diets rich in vegetables, fruits, and whole grains, have the potential to reduce risk by as much as 50–70%.

Diabeet

Diabetes is a leading cause of mortality globally. […] Tonstad et al assessed the role different dietary patterns might play in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes, finding vegan and lacto-ovo vegetarian diets were associated with an approximate 50% reduction in risk of type 2 diabetes when compared to nonvegetarian diets. A Harvard study which included participants from three large established cohorts, (the Health Professionals FollowUp Study, Nurses’ Health Study, and the Nurses’ Health Study II) concluded those subjects who consumed a healthy plant-based diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, could expect a 34% reduction in type 2 diabetes risk.

Alzheimeri tõbi

The World Health Organization currently reports there are now more than 55 million people living with dementia globally. Dementia is a syndrome characterized by loss of cognitive function, and primarily affects the elderly. […] In a recent publication of two prospective longitudinal studies with nearly 3000 participants, investigators assessed Alzheimer’s risk according to a composite score of healthy lifestyle behaviors including diet, physical activity, not smoking, minimal alcohol, and keeping engaged in cognitive activities. […] Although many questions remain unanswered regarding Alzheimer’s, there is substantive evidence that a plant enriched diet combined with other healthy behaviors can offer significant risk reduction for this menacing disease of which we have no cure or effective management.

Covid-19

This early recognition would be further substantiated six months later in a publication summarizing more than 900,000 COVID-19 hospitalizations in the United States, concluding 60% were attributable to obesity, hypertension, diabetes, or heart failure. […] In Harvard’s smartphone based COVID-19 Study, in which close to 600,000 subjects were enrolled and of which approximately 31,000 developed COVID-19, found that in those who consumed a primarily plant-based diet there was a 41% reduction in risk of severe COVID-19 as well as a 9% reduction in infection of any severity.

Stancic, S., Cullimore, J., & Barnard, N. (2022). Six Applications of Plant Based Diets for Health Promotion. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 16(4), 434–438. https://doi.org/10.1177/15598276221104023