Siinviidatu on küll publikatsioon juhtimisvaldkonna ajakirjast, kuid võiks siiski huvi pakkuda näiteks poliitikakujundajatele, ametnikele, haridusvaldkonnas tegutsejatele, lastevanematele, jpt, sest tegeleb suutlikkuse mõtestamisega. Ja kuna tegemist on kirjandusülevaatega, siis on see kasulik nii teemasse lugejatele kui tudengitele kirjandusülevaateks ideede ammutamisel.

Võimekuse mõtteloos fookuse teisenemisest:

“Capacity building2 has been granted a pivotal role in development discourse and practice (An et al., 2017; Chrysostome et al., 2019; De Grauwe, 2009; Eger et al., 2018; Haque et al., 2021; Lusthaus et al., 1999; Ricks & Doner, 2021; Wignaraja, 2006). The focus of the concept of capacity, which dates back to the 1960s, has shifted from individual capabilities in the 1970s, to organizational capabilities in the 1980s and 1990s, and in recent years to getting a community’s, a state’s or a society’s institutions right.” (Kacou et al., 2022, p. 215)

Anekdoodid võtavad võimu:

“A remarkable feature in the evolution of the concept lies in the fact that, from the outset, practitioners in the public and non‐profit sectors were at the forefront of knowledge production, creating an abundant grey literature (AID, 1970; Barnett & Engel, 1982; De Grauwe, 2009; Lusthaus et al., 1999; Qualman & Bolger, 1996; Wignaraja, 2006; World Bank, 2009). In search of normative frameworks or guidelines for “best practices”, these practitioners have relied mostly on case studies and anecdotes (An et al., 2017). At the same time, there has been little peer‐reviewed research on capacity building until recently. (See Bockstael, 2017; Brinkerhoff & Morgan, 2010; Eger et al., 2018; Ricks & Doner, 2021 for the few exceptions.)” (Kacou et al., 2022, p. 216)

Uurimisküsimus:

“Since concepts are the ontological building blocks of theories, our research questions are as follows: what do we know about the evolution of the concept of capacity building and what can history tell us about its strengths and weaknesses?” (Kacou et al., 2022, p. 216)

Arutelu ilma sisuta määratlemata:

“Many authors discuss the concept of capacity building with no attempt to clarify what “capacity” means and how it can be measured. (See Table 1 for a few exceptions).” (Kacou et al., 2022, p. 216)

Suutlikus opereerib kolmel tasandil:

“We suggest that capacity operates at three levels: individual, organizational, and institutional (An et al., 2017). At the individual level, capacity refers to technical and analytical abilities, skills, competences, and/or knowledge. At the organizational level, capacity refers to organizational capabilities or the ability to get groups of agents, a team, or a unit to get the right policy done right. At the institutional level, capacity is the overall ability of individuals, organizations, communities, states and societies as a whole to successfully tackle their collective challenges and create long‐term benefits for” (Kacou et al., 2022, p. 216)  […] “their diverse stakeholders.” (Kacou et al., 2022, p. 217)

Uus-pragmatismi praktikad võiks pakkuda lahenduse suutlikkuse valdkonnas valitsevale määramatusele ja ebaselgusele:

“In other words, pragmatists are consistently searching for practical standards to solve the problems of the day with a relatively nonideological stance, as they embrace, not reduce, the complexity of the world, and seek to reconcile polar opposites such as the aforementioned high‐level abstractions and down‐to‐earth considerations. This is the core principle of the “new pragmatism”.” (Kacou et al., 2022, p. 226)

Uus paradigma kerkib esile siis, kui senine ammendub:

“Kuhn (1970) argued that new paradigms emerge to provide model problems and solutions to a community of practitioners when past or existing paradigms come to exhaustion. Capacity building and its related concepts have followed this pattern, though the passage from institution building to institutional development to capacity building/development has not really been revolutionary, but more incremental.” (Kacou et al., 2022, p. 227)

Kacou, K. P., Ika, L. A., & Munro, L. T. (2022). Fifty years of capacity building: Taking stock and moving research forward1. Public Administration and Development42(4), 215–232. https://doi.org/10.1002/pad.1993