Neighborhood variations in violent crime have often been explained from a social disorganization perspective, particularly that communities characterized by structural disadvantage, such as concentrated poverty or residential instability, are less able to impose formal and informal social controls that can effectively regulate deviance […] Shaw and McKay (1942) originally identified dual mechanisms by which communities influence crime rates, noting that “disorganized” communities contribute to a variety of strains, particularly economic deprivation
Autorite mõttekäik uurimistööst:
In the present study, we test the central contention of Agnew’s (1999) MST that neighborhood structural characteristics affect community crime rates, in part, through the intervening mechanism of aggregated strain. We also examine the extent to which such characteristics condition the relationship between micro-level strains and individual violent offending thus assessing some of Agnew’s (2006) propositions regarding the role of social control in strain processes.
Lisaks sotsiaalse korratuse teooriale veel üks perspektiiv:
Crime is therefore seen as a coping strategy, as strain elicits negative emotion and creates incentive for corrective action.
The results further indicate that the extent to which youth’s exposure to violence in the community predicts subsequent violent behavior varies based on neighborhood levels of concentrated disadvantage and residential stability. […] any comprehensive understanding of how neighborhood characteristics impact violence should acknowledge the potentially significant role of strain processes at both the macro and micro-level. […] This suggests that neighborhoods lower in concentrated disadvantage are less equipped to control juveniles’ violent responses to severe levels of direct and vicarious victimization within the community.
Antunes, M. J. L., & Manasse, M. (2021). Social Disorganization and Strain: Macro and Micro Implications for Youth Violence. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. https://doi.org/10.1177/00224278211004667