Sotsiaalse kapitali ja sotsiaalsete sidemete küsimus on midagi sellist, mis puudutab kõiki ühiskonnaliikmeid ning seetõttu siinviidatud vabalevis olev tekst oma koha leidiski. Lisaks on tegemist tekstiga, mis koondab mitu perspektiivi ning võiks pakkuda huvi nii teoreetilisest perspektiivist oma seletusvõimekusega kui empiirilise analüüsiga.
Does who we know—our families, friends and acquaintances—affect how we get on in life? […] While we acknowledge that social capital is a multifaceted concept applicable to many purposes in the social sciences, our concern here relates specifically to the critical stream of sociological research that views social capital as intimately linked to power structures and social inequality (see e.g., Bourdieu, 1986; Burt, 2000; Granovetter, 1973; Li et al., 2008; Lin & Erickson, 2010).
Autorid selgitavad ja lubavad:
In this article, we take Lin’s (2001) influential network approach to social capital as our point of departure, viewing social capital as access to resources embedded in personal networks of social ties.
Alustuseks algusest – Putnami kommunitaarne perspektiiv:
Drawing on Coleman’s (1988) pioneering work, Putnam’s communitarian approach primarily focus on social capital as a source of social coordination, trust and integration. […] Putnam has mainly focused on outcomes at the macro level, for example, economic development, democracy, communities and civic society.
The other dominant understanding views social capital primarily as individuals’ access to valuable resources in and through their social networks (see e.g., Burt, 2005; Granovetter, 1973; Lin, 2001; Lin & Erickson, 2010). […] Drawing on Granovetter’s (1973) seminal work, Lin (1999, p. 35) defines social capital as ‘resources embedded in a social structure which are accessed and/or mobilized in purposive actions’.
While the term ‘social capital’ is a relatively new one—and inquiries into social capital now constitute a distinct research field with its own theoretical and methodological debates—the sociological concern with social ties and ‘who knows whom’ dates back to at least Weber’s (1946) pioneering brand of class and stratification analysis. […] Much like Lin and similar network theorists, Bourdieu (1986, p. 248) defines social capital as ‘the aggregate of actual or potential resources which are linked to the possession of a durable network of more or less institutionalized relationships of mutual acquaintance and recognition’. In Bourdieu’s framework, social capital is, alongside economic and cultural capital, one of the three major forms of capital that constitute the main ‘conditions of existence’ that are unequally distributed across the class structure, or the ‘social space’ in Bourdieusian parlance.
In this analysis, we have demonstrated that by combining Lin’s and Bourdieu’s approaches, new insights into the structuring of social capital and its connection to social class in contemporary society can be gained. First, the results highlight that social ties are structured multidimensionally. […] Second, our analysis demonstrates how the structure of the space of social ties is connected systematically to other inequality structures, such as the social distribution of economic and cultural capital. This suggests that the access to various scarce resources embedded in social networks is itself socially hierarchized.
… ja veel:
The cluster analysis indicates that most socially prestigious and resourceful networks tend to be reserved for individuals who are themselves in privileged class positions, whereas the least prestigious and least resourceful networks tend to be reserved for individuals who are themselves in non-privileged class positions.
Alecu, A., Helland, H., Hjellbrekke, J., & Jarness, V. (2022). Who you know: The classed structure of social capital. The British Journal of Sociology.