Siinviidatu on lühike kommentaar, kuid võiks huvi pakkuda nii politseinikele, poliitikakujundajatele, hariduskorraldajatele kui organisatsioonidest huvitatutele. Tekst on vabalevis ja nii lühike, et seda pikalt kommenteerida ei ole hea mõte. Pealegi, kui lugedes märkmeid tegin, siis neid sai nii palju, et … Siin pole kahtlust, et tekst kandideerib vähemalt politseivaldkonna magistriõppes erinevate kursuste seminaritekstiks.


In their recent article, Bennell et al. (2021) address the ongoing series of critical incidents within law enforcement across the globe and the amplified public debate that ensured. The team of renowned international police scholars and practitioners intend to ‘provide insights into the fundamental issues related to police use of force’ (Bennell et al., 2021, p. 1) and work out what they perceive to be ‘urgent issues and prospects (p. 1)’. They present a total of ten partial comments, which they suggest as a future agenda for police use of force research and practice.

Sotsiaalsed süsteemid ja refleksiivsus:

According to social systems theory, reflexivity describes the action of applying a specific process to processes of the same type (Luhmann, 1986), for instance learning how to learn or communicating about communication itself. […] A system that has learned to learn is prepared for any unknown future.

Autorid väidavad:

We argue that scientific attention is warranted on the issue of how the urgency of topics related to police use of force is constructed in Bennell et al.’s (2021) article. More specifically, we argue that the issue of perspectivity in police practice and research requires primary attention.

Sissejuhatus kallutatud vaatenurkadele:

Bennell et al. (2021) consistently envision ‘policing’ as a group of issues related to the use of force. This point of view is based on the assumption that a large part of the police profession is inherently stressful and dangerous

Taastootvad mehhanismid:

From an evidence-based point of view, more and more research and data are required in comparison to what is currently known as a fact (see commentaries #9,10). Evidence calls for more of the same. However, within this functionally self-referential loop of methodologically controlled knowledge creation, evidence-based policing proceeds exclusively within the face of its own assumptions.

Kuhu edasi?

Through this commentary, we advocate for a reflexive turn in modern police practice and research. In fact, we feel the necessity to rank it above the evidence-based approach, since, without reflexivity, the benefits of evidence-based policing cannot be accessed in the ways that are relevant for both the public and the police. As such, reflexivity is a prerequisite of science and evidence-based policing. It leads to the preconditions and consequences of scientific perspectives themselves.

Koerner, S., & Staller, M. S. (2022). Towards reflexivity in police practice and researchLegal and Criminological Psychology.