Kestlikust arengust räägitakse ikka rohkem, vähemalt nii tundub, ning loodetavasti järgnevad ka praktilised sammud ikka mõtestatumalt ja igaühe kaasaaitamisel. Siinviidatud vabalevist olev tekst leidis oma koha, sest (1) tegeleb kestliku arengu küsimustega väga praktilisest perspektiivist ja (2) kasutab uurimismeetodina q-analüüsi. Mõlemad võiks huvi pakkuda paljudele.


The unsustainable accumulation of plastic waste has often been described as one of the most pressing environmental challenges of our time [1,2]. The global consumption of synthetic polymers (hereafter: plastics) has risen 20-fold since 1960 and is projected to keep rising by 3.8% per year (it will thereby triple from now to 2050) [2,3]. Yet, only about 9% of all plastic waste generated by humanity until 2015 has been recycled, the rest was either incinerated (12%) or ended up in landfills and the environment (79%)


The circular economy (CE) is often promoted as a solution to these problems as it could allow for the elimination of plastic waste through innovative recovery processes, bio-based alternatives and reuse and reduce solutions. Various initiatives have thus been created to foster a CE transition for the plastic sector such as the ‘Global Commitment’ lead by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation [26], the ‘European Plastic Pact’ initiated by France, the Netherlands and Denmark [27] and the ‘Circular Plastics Alliance’ established by the European Commission [28].

Autorid fokuseerivad:

What are the main discourses in the transition towards a sustainable circular plastics economy in the Netherlands and what implications and recommendations can be drawn from it?


Q-methodology is an interdisciplinary holistic mixed (quantitative and qualitative) research method, which was first introduced by Stephenson in 1935 [47]. The purpose of a Q study is to identify and represent different perspectives regarding a particular topic [48,49]. It is a commonly used method for discourse analysis as it identifies how different societal groups align with certain viewpoints, ideas, and beliefs [50,51].

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

This study has found that Dutch policies and discourses on plastics mainly follow a Technocentric Circular Economy perspective, which places high hopes on technological innovations such as chemical and mechanical recycling technologies and pays little attention to reducing global socio-ecological impacts. […] Yet, considering the many limitations of recycling technologies, it is highly unlikely that such a strategy will effectively reduce the human and environmental health impact of plastics.

Friant, M. C., Lakerveld, D., Vermeulen, W. J., & Salomone, R. (2021). Transition to a Sustainable Circular Plastics Economy in The Netherlands: Discourse and Policy AnalysisSustainability14(1), 1-34.