Tõsi, siinse tutvustuse pealkiri ei ole õnnestunud selles mõttes, et prügikastimudel ei ole kusagile vahepeal kadunud. Pealkirjastasin peamiselt ratsionaalsuskaalutlustel.
Tekst leidis oma koha peamiselt põhjusel, et demonstreerib prügikastimudeli rakendamist turbulentses keskkonnas. Prügikastimudeli rakendamise tunnuseid võib leida ühiskonna igapäevapraktikatest igapäevaselt. Siinne on aga hea kvaliteediga tekst.
Following the Covid-19 outbreak, local authorities, emergency services and civil organizations were stretched to breaking point, creating a void that left vulnerable groups frightened and isolated, unable to leave their homes for fear of contracting the disease. To help people in need, citizens created social media groups, enrolling thousands of people in acts of solidarity and mutual aid (Sitrin & Colectiva Sembrar, 2020).
We were intrigued by how citizens used social media to organize and match vast resources and spontaneous volunteers (Trautwein, Liberatore, Lindenmeier, & von Schnurbein, 2020) to disparate problems and appeals for help (Carlsen et al., 2021) under extreme ambiguity (Hällgren, Rouleau, & de Rond, 2018; Weick, 2015).
how do emergent online groups translate chaotic online interactions into offline helping activity during a crisis?
The term ‘organized anarchies’ conveys how emergent groups have the features of what Cohen et al. (1972) called organized anarchies in their garbage can model. That is, emergent groups, even in their primordial form, are characterized by fluid participation, problematic preferences, and unclear technology (Cohen et al., 1972). As previously noted, emergent groups resemble ‘swarms’ with people coming and going (Majchrzak et al., 2007); there are ambiguous preferences as people face a bewildering crisis (Kornberger et al., 2019), and there is great uncertainty surrounding the group’s processes for delivering help.
The garbage can model (GCM) conceptualizes how choices are made in organized anarchies that display vague or inconsistent ideas about what they should do and how they should do it (Padgett, 1980). When organizations face ambiguity with poorly understood problems wandering in and out of the system (Cohen et al., 1972, p. 16), temporal simultaneity is the best explanation of how choices are made, not rational choice (March, 1994). […] In addition, Cohen et al. (1972) postulated that problems, solutions, participants, and choice opportunities were relatively ‘independent streams’ that collide and connect unpredictably. Choice opportunities are garbage cans ‘into which various kinds of problems and solutions are dumped by participants as they are generated’ (Cohen et al., 1972, p. 2) and where situated conjunctions invite choices.
Informed by a novel spatial conception of garbage can theory, we found that emergent citizen groups orchestrate helping activity through two modes of emergent organizing that are inextricably entwined. First, citizen organizers used spatial partitioning and spatial mapping to co-construct a multi-layered spatial architecture and virtual cartography that distributed streams into more ordered spatial proximities. Second, citizens helping choices manifested within a developing spatial ecology that invited impromptu choice occasions: spontaneous matchmaking, proximal chance connects, and speculative attraction.
Burke, G. T., Omidvar, O., Spanellis, A., & Pyrko, I. (2022). Making space for garbage cans: How emergent groups organize social media spaces to orchestrate widescale helping in a crisis. Organization studies, 01708406221103969.