Kontekstiks:

“The seemingly perpetual and universal clamour for an increase in police numbers is a familiar refrain in many parts of the world. Doing so, it is sometimes claimed in certain parts of the media and in political hustings, would enhance public safety and confidence in policing services and reduce crime (Hymas, 2020; Labour Party, 2017). However, a consideration of policing in Finland may cast doubt on this often oversimplified view of police effectiveness. Finland had the lowest number of police officers per capita in Europe in 2017 with 137 police officers per 100,000 people (Eurostat, 2019).” (Laird and Charman, 2022, p. 1)

(Laird and Charman, 2022, p. 1) Politseinike arv ja kuritegevus?!

Finland also scores a low 23.32 on the crime index (Numbeo, 2020). To provide perspective to these figures, Sweden scores 47.07 on the crime index (Numbeo, 2020) and has 198 police officers per 100,000 members of the population, and the Republic of Ireland scores 45.43 on the same index (Numbeo, 2020) and maintains a police force of 278 per 100,000 people (Eurostat, 2019).

Politseipraktikad … paberil:

“According to material produced by the Finnish Ministry of the Interior (2019), the Finnish police employ the practice of ‘soft policing’ (Ministry of the Interior, Finland, 2019).” (Laird and Charman, 2022, p. 2)

Keskne küsimus:

“This article therefore also considers whether a style of policing that focuses upon trust, preventative and cooperative policing can result in something with characteristics similar to a planned procedurally just approach to policing.” (Laird and Charman, 2022, p. 2)

Asjad hakkavad juhtuma:

“Indeed, during a literature review for this article, nothing was found that would suggest that the Finnish police have stated an aspiration to implement a specifically ‘procedurally just’ approach to their tasks. The Finnish approach to policing is to emphasise crime prevention in cooperation with social services and municipalities in preference to a suppression and control form of policing.” (Laird and Charman, 2022, p. 2)

Soome politseid iseloomustavad andmed:

“Finland is currently divided into 11 police departments, ranging from the large and sparsely populated regions of Lapland and Oulu in the north to the considerably smaller, but more densely populated parts in the south such as Helsinki, Western Uusimaa and Eastern Uusimaa (Poliisi, 2019). The Finnish police currently number approximately 7,200 sworn officers and the Finnish population stands at 5.55 million (Official Statistics of Finland, 2022).” (Laird and Charman, 2022, p. 3)

Protseduurilise õiguse tunnused:

“Skogan et al. (2014) provide a definition of procedural justice stating four main points. These are: (1) Neutrality, requiring equality in the treatment of interested parties irrespective of when an event may have taken place; (2) Voice, this is the provision of the opportunity given to all interested parties to express their opinions on events; (3) Trust, those in a position of authority behave in a trustworthy manner and are to treat all interested parties with trust; and (7) Respect, is the requirement for politeness and respect to all interested parties. (Skogan et al., 2014: 324–325)” (Laird and Charman, 2022, p. 4)

Trivaalne, aga …

“For procedural justice to function efficiently there is a need for those in a position of authority, be they police officers or others involved in dispute resolution, to conduct their duties from a position of trust and legitimacy.” (Laird and Charman, 2022, p. 4)

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

“The Finnish approach to policing has elements in common with Bjørgo’s description of crime prevention being a multi-agency challenge involving situational prevention strategies as well as more conventional approaches (2016). This approach may be responsible for a form of ‘accidental’ procedural justice in which the Finnish police appear to operate in a disinterested procedural manner as a pragmatic response to their workload, rather than a conscious application of procedural justice theory in its truest sense.” (Laird and Charman, 2022, p. 10)

Laird, A., & Charman, S. (2022). ‘Accidental’ procedural justice: The Finnish approach to policing. International Journal of Police Science & Managementhttps://doi.org/10.1177/14613557221126488