Organisatsiooni ja organiseerumise uurimiseks ei ole piire, kuid on “traditsioonid”, tavad ja kombed ja siis koolkonnad, ajakirjade toimetajate kujutlused ja väärtused … Siinviidatud vabalevis olev tekst on üks väga huvitav lugemine neile, kes huvitet organisatsioonidest ja sotsiaalsetest süsteemidest avaramalt. Kui kandvad autorid on tekstis teiste seas Pierce ja Dewey, siis on tegemist tekstiga, millest mööda minna oleks arrogantne.
In recent decades, the field of organization studies has witnessed an explosion of interest in process philosophies and their potential to shed new light onto how organizing happens (e.g. Helin, Hernes, Hjorth, & Holt, 2014; Langley & Tsoukas, 2016). We read this trend as indicative of a deeper dissatisfaction with traditional entitative organizational scholarship, something subcutaneous that is bubbling up in response to the intellectual spirit of our times.
In this article, we introduce a virtual special issue that explores the utility of Pragmatism in organizational research by drawing on a selection of seven exemplary contributions previously published in this journal (Cohen, 2007; Kelemen, Rumens, & Vo, 2019; Lorino, Tricard, & Clot, 2011; Martela, 2015; Rippin, 2013; Simpson, 2009; Taylor, 2011).
Pragmatism, mis see on?
Pragmatism is a philosophical tradition that rejects high-minded metaphysics in favour of understanding the everyday practicalities of living in an uncertain and ever-changing world. […] Pragmatism offers a perspective that is emancipatory and affirmative, one that helps us ‘to find out what may be, the possibilities now open to us’ (Follett, 1924, p. xii). […] A third key feature of Pragmatism is its orientation towards the future. The idea that the meaning of actions and choices taken in the present lies in their conceivable future consequences was first articulated by Peirce (1878, p. 293). A
In arguing that management is better understood as continuous and relational practice, she positions herself in diametric opposition to the scientific management of her contemporary, Frederick Winslow Taylor (Rylander Eklund & Simpson, 2020). If Taylor’s approach has been inspirational to evidence-based management, then Follett’s work is central to the rehumanizing of management.
Dualisms, such as subject vs object and theory vs practice, reduce the entire spectrum of experience to one or other of two opposites, forcing hard epistemological distinctions that, at best, can be relevant only as analytical ploys in a world presumed to be at rest. The Pragmatist solution to this problem is to engage an empirical stance, recognizing that continuities and movements are inextricably bound to and inseparable from lived experience.
Protsessid, mitte entiteedid:
Process research may, therefore, be approached in one of two ways. One way first identifies the stuff, entities or ‘things’ of the situation, and then secondarily considers how these move and interact with each other – Langley and Tsoukas (2016) characterize this as a ‘weak’ process approach. The other way first engages with the flows and movements of the situation, and secondarily looks for emergent and necessarily ephemeral ‘things’ – a ‘strong’ process approach (Langley & Tsoukas, 2016).
Vihje lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:
To demonstrate this potential, we now elaborate three specific analytical devices or ‘tools’ found in Pragmatism: inquiry, sociality and symbols.
… ja veel:
In conclusion, Pragmatism offers radically different ways of thinking and acting in organizational contexts, but if Pragmatist ideas are to flourish in Organization Studies, our community needs to understand better the implications of this approach for research practice.
Simpson, B., & den Hond, F. (2022). The Contemporary Resonances of Classical Pragmatism for Studying Organization and Organizing. Organization Studies, 43(1), 127–146. https://doi.org/10.1177/0170840621991689