Tehisintellekti kasvamine-kasvatamine tundub nagu püssirohu leiutamine-katsetamine. Positiivsed eesmärgid ja progressiivne potentsiaal on võimas, kuid mis sellest välja tuleb … ei tea. Algoritmide kirjutamine on tehniline oskus (ma sugugi ei väheväärtusta või pisenda seda oskust), kuid algoritmide kaudu tähenduse andmine on hoopis teine küsimus ning vajab tehnilistest oskustest teistsuguseid oskuseid. Siinviidatu on üks paljudest näidetest AI võimalikest kõrvalnähtudest.

Kontekstiks:

The pandemic brought enormous new challenges in public health and logistics, while boosting certain businesses, such as food delivery, due to lockdown restrictions, surging ‘surplus labour’ caused by rising unemployment, and the near ubiquity of the smartphone-app-based ‘platform economy’, aka ‘the gig economy’ (Kenney and Zysman, 2016; Woodcock and Graham, 2019).

Autor seab fookuse:

This article focuses on digital labour and food delivery platforms during Covid-19 in comparative Asian contexts, especially Singapore, Mainland China, and Hong Kong, where the author’s research team has carried out interviews and questionnaire surveys in 2020 and 2021.

Mis on posthumanism:

The posthuman is a broad, inconsistent, yet generative set of ideas that emerged from both the humanities and social sciences, including in media, communication, and cultural studies, as well as interdisciplinary fields such as science and technology studies (STS).

Pinged:

Finally, Asia’s app-based food delivery sector, like all high-tech businesses around the world, has come under the dual pressure of financial volatility and geopolitics. Prior to the pandemic, gig economy platforms enjoyed almost unconditional investor backing as the favoured child of Wall Street, globally and in Asia.

Protekstionism:

Almost everywhere, protectionism is on the rise, attempting to contain food delivery platforms within national jurisdictions and local rules, where drastic policy change may take place in the event of geopolitical conflicts or a change of political winds, as shown in foodpanda facing backlash in Thailand 3 or China’s moves against Meituan (Ye, 2021) and Didi (Shead and Bursztynsky, 2021).

Pandeemia tõuge:

Covid-19 creates a unique posthuman moment. It expands the gig economy of food delivery and escalates AI takeover to a larger scale at a new level of control through ultra-rationalized and exploitative algorithms.

Paradoks:

Posthuman AI takeover is accompanied, paradoxically, by the ascent of sticky labour, an in-between state that is neither ‘fluid’ (that is, based on completely flexible and ephemeral rider–platform relations) nor ‘solid’ (that is, based on long-term employment or fixed business arrangements). This is not a revolutionary development against platform capitalism, but it nonetheless runs against the logic of dehumanized algorithmic control.

Qiu, J. L. (2022). Humanizing the posthuman: Digital labour, food delivery, and openings for the new human during the pandemicInternational Journal of Cultural Studies.