Narkoküsimuses range karistuspoliitikaga riikide esindajaid mõnikord ikka narritakse kriminoloogia- või politseivaldkonna konverentsidel küsides: millal te narkomaanide tervekstrahvimise lõpetate? Sõda narko vastu on läbi kukkunud, selle üle suurt vaidlust ei ole. Küsimuseasetus on seatud nii, et mõista, kuidas narkoprobleemiga tegeleda. Näib, et selle lõpetamise eesmärk on naivism, niisamuti kui sõda korruptsiooni või terrorismiga. Siinviidatu on siiski orienteeritud narkoprobleemile.

Kuna artikkel on vabalevis, siis siin vaid mõned vihjed lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

Against this backdrop, there is emerging evidence that drugs policing is moving away from traditional enforcement responses towards a greater focus on harm reduction

Politsei ja reformid:

Police culture is often portrayed as a barrier to reform (Chan 1997, Loftus 2009, Campeau 2019). However, the very existence of new directions in drugs policing emerging from within police organisations indicates receptivity to change.

Kultuuride põrkumine:

In addition to tensions between the normative orders of law, morality and competence, it was found that cultural conflict existed because there were different definitions of competent drugs policing. Officers who favoured arresting people for possession explained that enforcement deters people from using drugs and that the prevalence of drug use would be higher in the absence of enforced prohibition.

Mõned järeldused:

I argue that scholars should forego crude generalisations and take a nuanced approach to the study of police culture, which teases out cultural variations and gives emphasis to human agency in the interactive relationship between culture, practice and the structural conditions of policing […] the ‘cognitive lenses’ (Skolnick 1966) through which police view the world are multifocal and subject to prescription

Bacon, M. (2021). Desistance from criminalisation: police culture and new directions in drugs policing. Policing and Society, 1-18.