Siinviidatu oleks kasulik lugemine nendele, kes võtavad tõsiselt politsei arengut ühiskonnaga ühes taktis ning mõistavad ohte, mis kaasnevad traditsioonilise politseikultuuri põlistamisega. Ja veel olulisem oleks ehk märkida seda, et selle uuringu üks otsesõnu märkimata järeldus organisatsioonidisainile võiks olla üsna reljeefne: politseinikke koolitav asutus võiks olla vägagi huvitatud enese kujundamisest haridusasutuseks ja teadlikult hoiduma ametiasutusele iseloomulikest praktikatest. Just viimane on loomulik trend, kui politseinikke koolitavad tublid pika staažiga politseinikud, kel on suur kogemustepagas ametiasutuse toimeloogikatega, kuid võib-olla mitte väga palju teadmisi haridusasutustest ja haridusest üldiselt.

Kontekstiks:

Police integrity is “the normative inclination among police to resist temptations to abuse the rights and privileges of their occupation” (Klockars et al., 2007, p. 1). The perception that police lack integrity is a substantial barrier to building constructive police–community partnerships and maintaining public trust in the police

Uuringu eesmärk:

The aim of this study is to examine the effect of socialization during academy training on recruits’ perceptions of the seriousness of behaviors related to police integrity. Research shows that officers’ attitudes regarding the seriousness of integrity behaviors are one of the strongest predictors of their willingness to report misconduct

Analüütiline eristus:

Three frameworks are generally used for studying threats to police integrity: individual (rotten apple), organizational (rotten barrel), and environmental (rotten orchard).

Vihjed politseikoolitusest USAs:

The average length of police academy training in the US is about 21 weeks (or 840 hours; Reaves, 2016). Most academies integrate elements of the paramilitary high-stress model (with 48% using this model as the primary mode of training), employ a class structure, incorporate some reality-based scenarios, and provide training on topics related to police operations, use of force, the law, and health and well-being (Reaves, 2016). Bureaucratic features are common, including a hierarchical command structure, an explicit and uniform system of rules, an impersonal environment, and task specialization.

Eetika, kui midagi eraldiseisvat:

In many cases, ethics training is presented as a stand-alone module rather than being integrated throughout the curriculum.

Organisatsiooniline taustsüsteem:

Research suggests that organizational justice not only applies to the misconduct aspect of police integrity (Fridell et al., 2020) but perhaps also to the code of silence and the noble cause ideology. […] injustice served as a signal to officers that the organization’s social control systems were weak or contrary to the police mission of doing justice and keeping people safe, and as such, they needed to exercise their own judgment in determining when and with whom they could and should break the rules

Mõned väga tõsised järeldused:

The results show that the recruits rated misconduct, code of silence, and noble cause behaviors less seriously at the end of their academy training compared to the beginning. Most recruits started the academy with noble ideals and high expectations, but by the time they graduated, many had embraced the cynical attitudes associated with police corruption. […] the findings confirm the importance of police academy in the socialization of American officers into the negative aspects of the “canteen subculture,” including cynicism, suspicion, racial discrimination, and deviant practices

Schuck, A. M., & Rabe-Hemp, C. E. (2021). A Longitudinal Study of the Effects of Academy Socialization on Police Integrity. Police Quarterly. https://doi.org/10.1177/10986111211029958