Siinviidatu leidis oma koha põhjusel, et demonstreerib ühiskondlikke suhteid kui süsteemi. Tõsi, tegemist ei ole millegi ülemäära uuega, kuid ometi paljudes valdkondades seda triviaalset tõsiasja eitatakse. Nii näiteks võib juhtuda, et politseinikele pannakse ülesanded, milleks neil ei ole asjakohast ettevalmistust või puudub (sotsiaalne) süsteem ülesandega edukaks tegelemiseks. Mõlemad kaks on siinviidatud vabalevis olevas tekstis esindatud.


An estimated $100 billion worldwide is spent annually on law enforcement-led approaches to combating drugs [1]. The “War on Drugs” is associated with increased drug toxicity, exacerbation of health and social inequities, stigma, mass incarceration, human rights violations, and increased transmission of blood-borne diseases [2, 3]. This punitive approach to drug use can be aptly described as “an expensive way to make a bad problem worse” [4].

Politsei kui esmakontakti olulisus:

As the first point of contact, police officers may play an important role in early intervention and preventing advancement into the criminal justice system [11]. Police are generally encouraged to divert people with complex health-related needs away from the criminal justice system by connecting them to treatment and other behavioural health services. But the success of criminal justice diversion practices depend on the availability of community-based resources for police to divert to [12] and on collaboration with public health organizations.

Autorid lubavad:

In this study, we examine police officers’ everyday policing experiences interacting with and providing support to PWUD as well as their perceptions of how PWUD are affected by the different service systems, including the criminal justice, health, and social service sectors.

Ütlevad, kuidas oma lubaduse täita kavatsevad:

In this study, we use a systems theory lens to situate interactions between PWUD and police officers within the broader institutional and structural contexts in which they operate. Systems theory implies that all parts of an organization are interrelated and therefore a change in one area affects a change in another [34].

… ja sõnastava eesmärgi:

The aim of the current paper is to explore the positionality of police within the broader systems in which they operate (i.e. justice, health, social services), and how their interactions with/their ability to meet the needs of PWUD are shaped by this context.

Üle varju ei hüppa:

Officers recognized that PWUD ultimately suffered from the structural impotence of this “total systems failure”. As actors trying to respond to the needs of the community, police officers feel defeated and demoralized by the ineffectiveness of these systems to reduce crime or support PWUD.

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

A main contribution of this study is evidence that police are continuing to serve as de facto frontline responders to mental health and substance use-related crises in their everyday work in BC. As noted, officers were often not trained nor appropriately or adequately positioned to broker health and social services for PWUD and other marginalized populations.

Butler, A., Zakimi, N., & Greer, A. (2022). Total systems failure: police officers’ perspectives on the impacts of the justice, health, and social service systems on people who use drugsHarm Reduction Journal19(1), 1-13.