Politseikultuur on paljude politseinike arvates väga eriline ning vajalik eeskätt politseinikele endile politseiniku elukutsega kaasnevate väärtuste põlistamiseks. Harva küll laskutakse tasandile, kus arutletakse politseikultuuri tähenduse ja mõjude üle nii politseinikele kui turvalisusele. Siinviidatud vabalevis olev tekst võiks huvi pakkuda nii politseinikele kui politseikultuurist huvitatutele ja oleks heaks alguseks n-ö teemasse lugemisel.
Academic research and professional debate on policing have long sought to understand whether police officers share a distinctive way of viewing and acting within their role. The existence of what has become known as ‘police culture’ has been an enduring topic of discussion since the 1960s and continues to be widely debated today.
Mõned tähelepanekud politseikultuuri olulisusest:
The police are also typically the first state agents that suspects encounter, therefore heavily influencing who enters the criminal justice system and who potentially comes to be ascribed with criminal status (McConville et al 1991). Uniformed police officers largely symbolize and represent the body politic, and it follows that the practices of policing provide the public with some of their most tangible experiences of the state, powerfully shaping feelings of citizenship (Skinns 2019) and national belonging (Parmar 2011).
The aim of this report is to provide a comprehensive review of the research on police culture to date.
Ethnography (from the Greek words Ethnos meaning people and Graphein meaning writing) is a research methodology that lends itself to the study of the beliefs, social interactions, and behaviours of small societies and groups of people, with observation and participation over a prolonged period of time (Naidoo 2012). Broadly speaking, an ethnographic approach is ‘a detailed, up-close investigation of both the subjective and the objective aspects of cultural lifethat is, of the many ways in which humans organize, live in, and give meaning to the world’ (McGranahan 2018: 7).
Kolm klassikaliselt politseikuurile omast tunnust:
Within his overarching analytical framework, Reiner (2010) identifies the core elements of police culture as including: a sense of mission; intolerance and prejudice; suspicion and skepticism; isolation, mutual solidarity, and conservatism.
Politseikultuuriga puutumuses on organisatsioonis kasutatavad juhtimispraktikad. Siit vihje:
While traditional leadership models rely on the enforcement of asymmetrical contractual relationships between bosses and subordinates, transformational approaches are based upon the values of ‘participation, consultation and inclusion’ (Silvestri 2007: 39). Implementing leadership in this way can serve to erode the cultural barriers that may exist within the police organizational hierarchy. […] Outside of policing, three arguments are commonly made for involving employees in workplace decision-making and change processes: it heightens morale and commitment, develops democratic skills and habits, and makes for better decisions overall (Sklansky and Marks 2008).
Drawing on Bourdieu’s (1990) theory of culture and practice, as well as on the work of organizational theorists such as Sackmann (1991) and Schein (1985), Chan (1997) reaffirmed the importance of examining the interactions between the ‘field’ (the wider organizational, historical, legal, socio-economic, and political conditions of police work) and the ‘habitus’ (the informal norms and values of officers).
Loftus, B. (2022). Police Culture: Origins, Features and Reform.