Politseipraktikad mõjutavad sotsiaalset keskkonda märkimisväärselt rohkem, kui politseinike arv. Kuigi avalikus ruumis jääb mulje, et paljud arvavad vastupidi. Siinviidatu võiks huvi pakkuda nii politseinikele, poliitikakujundajatele kui politseihariduse eest vastutajatele (kes need võiks olla?).
Research on the policing of marginalized communities typically focuses on the consequences of instrumental social control, showing how the management of crime and deviance also punishes and disenfranchises communities (e.g., Beckett and Herbert 2010; Rios 2011; Stuart, Armenta, and Osborne 2015). This graduation, however, is demonstrative of policing’s symbolic forms of control, illustrating how policing also involves the management of moral meanings.
Drawing primarily from two years of observations of a high school junior police academy and interviews with 146 people, this study advances the research on policing by illuminating symbolic control—not just instrumental social control—and how it can affect vulnerable communities.
Politsei panus marginaliseerimisse:
Scholars have widely documented how policing contributes to the marginalization of vulnerable communities. Ranging from the early slave patrols to contemporary stop-and-frisk policies and immigration enforcement, these instrumental forms of social control—aimed to deter, punish, rehabilitate, or detect crime and deviance—exacerbate the disenfranchisement of groups such as unhoused populations, undocumented immigrants, and people of color (Hadden 2001; Brunson and Miller 2006; Gelman, Fagan, and Kiss 2007; Beckett and Herbert 2010; Kupchik 2010; Stuart et al. 2015; Armenta 2017; Herbert, Beckett, and Stuart 2018; Jones 20188; Lo 2018; Herring 2019; Rios, Prieto, and Ibarra 2020; Sewell et al. 2021).
Viited politseikultuurile ja -moraalile:
For example, while Fassin (2013) showed that stop-and-frisk policing inﬂicts moral violence on marginalized French youths by signifying that they are subjects of the state, missing from the study is how youths perceived this instrumental social control as a representation of power relations.
Sümboolse kontrolli tähendus siinses tekstis:
Building on Fassin’s (2013) idea that police activities wield moral violence (as opposed to instrumental control wielding physical violence), I deﬁne symbolic control as the speciﬁc police activities that shape moral meanings of the social and political order.
These moral hierarchies ampliﬁed social tensions among youths in Liberty Park; some cadets internalized their exceptionalism and stigmatized others while nonacademy youths conversely resented the junior police.
Furthermore, my approach to valorization—which centers on a mechanism of inequality that is often understated relative to stigmatization and criminalization—could be applied to other sociological subﬁelds.
Mai Thai (2022) Policing and Symbolic Control: The Process of Valorization. American Journal of Sociology. Volume 127, Number 4.