Teenusepõhisus, teenuste osutamine jms on üsna populaarne ja igapäevakasutuses olev retoorika. Politseivaldkonnas aga ei ole väga palju võimalik lugeda teenuskokkulepetest turvalisuses. Siinviidatu leidiski oma koha peamiselt põhjusel, et pakub vaadet nii teenuskokkulepetele turvalisuses kui teistmoodi riigivalitsemisele ja politseisüsteemile. Tekst võiks huvi pakkuda suurele hulgale inimestele, kuid eeskätt neile, kes on uudishimulikud ja ei otsi ainult “parimaid praktikaid”, vaid püüavad mõista süsteemseid pingeid ja allsüsteemide võrgustikke.
Public safety is often the single largest expenditure of a municipal budget. There are 565 municipalities in New Jersey, and over half spend 20% or more of their entire local budget on public safety.
While New Jersey has 26 such agreements, with about half originating in the last decade, many shared service exploratory efforts have failed, including in Fanwood, Scotch Plains, Hightstown, East Windsor, Tuckerton, Little Egg Harbor, Byram, Andover, West Amwell, and Lambertville (D. M. Mazeika, manuscript in preparation). […] Interlocal contracts whereby a department disbands and is subsumed by a larger one is one promising model to restructure the delivery of public safety services that deserves further exploration, and adds to the growing literature in this area (McGarrell and Schlegel, 1993; Phillips and Orvis, 1999; Shernock, 2004; Schnobrich-Davis, 2016).
Sharing police services is of national interest. Policing in the USA, like New Jersey, is highly fragmented with around 18,000 local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies, about half of which contain 10 or fewer officers (Reaves, 2015). […] The median police officer in New Jersey makes around $100,000 per year (Yates, 2021), a cost that excludes health and pension spending and overtime.
Rakendamist mõjutavad karakteristikud:
Having a desire to share police services is not enough alone to successfully enter a contract. Research has shown that certain conditions greatly increase the odds of a successful venture.
Perhaps, the biggest obstacle to sharing police services is the tight grip home rule holds over New Jersey’s 565 municipalities. Home rule has been described as, ‘the belief that that every town, city or borough has a right to govern itself through its own police and fire departments, water systems, planning boards and school systems (Fassett, 2020)’ and referred to as New Jersey’s ‘religion’ by one former governor (Bruck, 2008).
One interesting approach is the Law Enforcement Council (LEC), which pools specific resources across multiple law enforcement agencies for the purpose of sharing information, resources, personnel, and specialized service delivery.
Mazeika, D. M. (2022). A Content Analysis of Police Shared Service Agreements. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice.