Politseipraktikad on mitmetes riikides erinevate osaliste huviorbiidis ning see on politseiprofessiooni arengule ehk kasuks, sest sunnib otsima, vastama, jne. Siinviidatu on mitmel põhjusel huvitav. Selleks, et üldse keegi midagi uurima hakkaks, on vaja mingit tõuget. Mõni uurib ja loeb, sest lihtsalt huvitab ning tema areng on suuresti tema enda kujundada. Paljud riigid-organisatsioonid aga panustavad uuringutesse märksa sihipärasemalt ning uurija vaates on see ühest küljest meeldiv (rahastus, koostöö kolleegidega, valdkondlik areng) ja teisalt võib olla piirav (tuleb kohanduda etteantud teemadega). Siinviidatud uuring ei oleks ehk kunagi sellisel kujul ilmunud, kui kohus ei oleks tellinud. Lisaks on rinnakaameratega seonduvate empiiriliste uuringute vajalikkusele raske vastu vaielda, sest nende kasutamise mõju on väga mitmekihiline ulatusest nö tõendite talletamisest kuni politseinike käitumise raamistamiseni.

Kontekstiks:

While the NYPD and the court-appointed monitor team was planning the BWC pilot program, the New York University (NYU) School of Law Policing Project (2016) surveyed New York City residents and found most respondents were overwhelmingly in favor of BWCs, and 82% expressed the hope that the technology would improve fractured police-community relations.

Tõuge uuringuks ja vihje andmeallikatele.

This article presents the results of the court-ordered evaluation of the impact of BWCs on community perceptions of the NYPD based on telephone surveys of representative samples of residents in 20 treatment and 20 control precincts.

… ja küsimärkideks on põhjust:

Gallup public opinion poll data shows that confidence in the police has fallen in recent years, and for the first time in three decades, less than 50% of Americans expressed “a great deal” or “quite a lot” of confidence in the police in 2020.

Investeeringud:

Under the Obama Administration, the US Department of Justice (2015) launched a $20 million funding initiative to support local police departments in outfitting their officers with BWCs. The BWC grant program continued under the Trump Administration. In 2016, the US Bureau of Justice Statistics reported that about 80% of large police departments and sheriff’s offices with 500 or more full-time sworn officers had acquired the BWC technology and 75% of these large law enforcement agencies reported improved community perceptions as a key reason for adopting BWCs (Hyland, 2018).

Heidutusest:

Deterrence theory suggests that the presence of BWCs during police-citizen encounters increases the risk that inappropriate behavior will be detected; public self-awareness theories suggest BWCs will cause police officers and citizens alike to be more aware of their behaviors during interactions and stimulate more respectful and courteous behavior (Ariel et al., 2015; but, more generally, see Duval & Wicklund, 1972; Zimring & Hawkins, 1973).

Rinnakaamerad ja usaldus politsei vastu:

Telephone surveys were administered to representative samples of adult residents in the 40 NYPD precincts (20 matched pairs) with the highest number of civilian complaints. The results indicate that the deployment of BWCs on NYPD officers working in treatment precincts did not produce any statistically significant differences in resident perceptions of the NYPD and their experiences with NYPD officers over the course of the trial relative to the perceptions held by residents in the control precincts.

… siiski, oleks hea eristada lühi- ja pikaajalist mõju:

This research suggests that BWCs are unlikely to lead to short-term changes in public perceptions of the police. However, it remains possible that the BWC technology could produce longer -term benefits.

Braga, A. A., MacDonald, J. M., & Barao, L. M. (2021). Do body-worn cameras improve community perceptions of the police? Results from a controlled experimental evaluation. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 1-32