Politsei aruandekohuslus, mitte küll Eestis, on paljudes riikides politsei ja ühiskonna suhete mõtestamise aspektist üks kesksemaid mehhanisme, mille üle mõtteid vahetatakse.Siinviidatud vabalevis olev tekst põhineb Inglismaa ja Walesi empiirial, kuid märksa avaramal teoreetilisel raamistukul. Artikkel võiks huvi pakkuda kõikidele turvalisusvaldkonnaga puutumuses olijatele. (kas leidub keegi, kes ei ole? :))

Kontekstiks:

“This article examines the relational accountabilities introduced into the governance and accountability of policing in England and Wales by the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act [PRSRA] (2011) and the Policing Protocol Order (2011), defined by The House of Commons Home Affairs Select Committee (HASC) and the Government as the ‘statutory foundation’ of the relationship between PCCs and Chief Constables. […] This research is all the more important in light of Her Majesty’s Inspector of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services (HMICFRS) finding in 2021 that there is an ‘atmosphere of mistrust and fear’ between PCCs and Chief Constables and The Police Foundation reporting ‘a crisis of confidence’, recommending ‘root and branch reform’ (Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services 2021).” (Cooper, 2022, p. 2)

Aruandekohusluse levinud tähendus:

“Accountability seems to have a commonly understood meaning of answerability (Onions, 1966; Day and Klein, 1987; Schlenker et al., 1994).” (Cooper, 2022, p. 2)

Relatsiooniline perspektiiv:

“Being answerable and giving accounts or explanations have led some to define accountability as an explanative relational concept that can create a two-branch relationship (Sengupta, 2014). The first branch, usually defined as the accountor or governor, is vested with certain powers over which accountability is sought and is therefore asked to inform or explain decisions. The second branch, normatively defined as the accountee or governed, owes accountability to the accountor or governor and must therefore explain or justify action or inaction (Oliver, 2013).” (Cooper, 2022, p. 2)

Viited politseijuhtimise komplekssusele:

“In a move described by the HASC in 2019 to be contentious, the Home Secretary has retreated from day-to-day policing matters, leaving the responsibility for police governance and accountability between the PCC, PCP, and Chief Constable. Every PCC, PCP, and Chief Constable in each police area in England and Wales is required to have an ‘effective, constructive working relationship’.” (Cooper, 2022, p. 3)

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

“This research shows PCPs to be considered by those close to the system to be entirely impotent and ineffective, rendering the accountability and governance of policing unusually reactive to the ‘one-to-one’ accountability relationship between PCCs and Chief Constables.” (Cooper, 2022, p. 13)

Cooper, S. (2022). Police relational accountabilities: The paralysis of police accountability? Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1093/police/paac081