Pole suurt kahtlust, et otsustamine sotsiaalse elu küsimustes on keeruline. Mõne ameti puhul võib see aga määrata inimsaatuseid hetkega ja politsei on ilmselt üks sellistest. Kuna aga peale otsustusprotsessi on ka selle uurimine kompleksne, siis ei ole sedalaadi uuringuid väga palju saadaval. Sestap siinviidatu oma koha leidiski. Tekst võiks huvi pakkuda nii politseinikele, poliitikakujundajatele ja politseiharidusega puutumuses olijatele.
Police officers are expected to make decisions in stressful situations, often in a split second without much time to contemplate their decision-making. Considering the multitude of (complex) situations the police are confronted with (Verhage, 2022), police officers regularly apply their discretion (Kleinig, 1996; Lipsky, 2010; Gilleir, 2013).
A moral compass, making (ethically and judicially) correct decisions and procedurally fair treatment are crucial for a legitimate police organization.
Belgia politseilisest kontekstist:
The Belgian penal system is characterized by the fundaments of the French penal system, implying a strict legalistic approach. This results in the assumption that police officers are not supposed to have discretion in theory and that this is not formally acknowledged.
Midagi hakkab kooruma:
Two of the 11 characteristics relating to police officers were considered to be of influence by all respondents: professional experience and personality.
Kogemused ja isiksus:
Professional experience shapes police officers’ decisions as they have a basis to rely on: they know what does (not) work and they can relate to these experiences to decide how to react in specific circumstances. Police officers’ personality impacts not only how they will react (e.g. (im)patiently) but also what interests them.
Kaks eriti olulist faktorit:
Two specific personality traits were gauged in every interview: empathy and impulsivity.
Three factors were perceived to have an impact by all the respondents: laws and regulations, colleagues, and supervisors.
Lugemisviited neile, kes teksti siiski lugeda ei jaksa:
Most factors identified in previous research were also identified in this study, such as laws and legislation (Janssens and Forrez, 2015; Saudelli, 2021), individual characteristics such as training, years of experience, life experiences, and mood (Noppe and Verhage, 2017; Noppe, 2020; Saudelli, 2021), organizational characteristics such as colleagues and supervisors (Noppe, 2020) and (sub)cultures (Saudelli, 2021), different situational factors such as the presence of bystanders (Noppe and Verhage, 2017), work pressure (Saudelli, 2021), and possible consequences of a police officer’s actions (Verhage et al., 2018), and characteristics related to the citizen (Saudelli, 2021) and whether or not he/she uses force (Noppe and Verhage, 2017).
Feys, Y., Van Thienen, B., Van den Bulck, S., Van Poucke, K., Torreele, R., Van Damme, A., … & Verhage, A. (2022). The complexity of police decisions: A collaborative study on police decision-making in Belgium. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice.