Suuri ühiskondlikke reageeringuid esile kutsuvad politseipraktikad on tähelepanu keskpunkti jõudnud mitmetes riikides ning see on tõstatanud palju küsimusi alates politsei professionaalsusest, politseipraktikate asjakohasusest kuni eelarvestamiseni. Siinviidatus pakub autor üsna huvitavaid analüüsivorme ja mõttekäike.

Lugemishuvi võiks olla alates kõikidest politseinikest kuni poliitikakujundajateni.

Kontekstiks:

“In May 2020, the world watched as Derek Chauvin, a police officer in Minneapolis, kneeled on George Floyd’s neck for over 8  min in front of several bystanders (Hill et al., 2020). The video of Floyd’s murder spread like wildfire, igniting weeks of protests in the USA and across the globe. The depth of the public outburst pushed many municipalities to rethink public safety budgets as calls for defunding the police and law enforcement abolition grew louder.” (Powell, 2022, p. 1)

Autori ambitsioon:

“This paper advances de-policing research by considering whether a source of negative external scrutiny (e.g. the national protests following the shooting of Michael Brown) created a de-policing effect.” (Powell, 2022, p. 2)

De-policing:

“De-policing, defined as the normative decline in proactive police practices due to negative external sources, is believed to constrain proactive police activities” (Powell, 2022, p. 2)

Stop-and-search:

“If one assumes that police officers rely on stops to prevent crime, then one can classify investigative stops as a form of police proactivity. A stop does not occur unless the officer initiates the action. One can then extrapolate that de-policing effects, if they exist, may inhibit an officer’s willingness to initiate contact with the public.” (Powell, 2022, p. 4)

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

“De-policing research, so far, tends to focus on officer sentiments and crime outcomes. While useful, de-policing research may yield additional discoveries. In particular, one could direct their focus towards the events that occur within a traffic stop. Officers possess a variety of means to escalate and/ or control a situation; de-policing may inhibit an officer’s decisions within an encounter. In some situations, one may see officers demonstrate a hesitancy to use force (James et al., 2016; Worrall et al., 2018). If officers change their use of force behaviour, there may be both negative and positive consequences to this behavioural shift.” (Powell, 2022, p. 12)

Powell, Z. A. (2022). De-policing, police stops, and crime. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1093/police/paac070