Politsei definantseerimisest on mitmel pool – eriti häälekalt USAs – juba mõnda aega räägitud, kuid ei ole palju neid tekste, mis tegelevad politsei ja policingu maksumusega. Sestap siinviidatud vabalevis olev tekst oma koha leidiski. Kui keegi majandus- ja politseihuviline võtaks vaevaks midagi sellist Eesti kohta uurida, siis leiduks ehk lugejaidki.
In the interest of public safety, police in the United States have a broad mandate to define exactly what actions may constitute a crime and what behaviors suggest that someone may have participated in one of those actions. […] There is also evidence that certain police practices can reduce crime, including problem-solving and (some) proactive policing strategies (National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine 2018). Reducing crime is good for society.
While these indirect costs may be small in per capita terms, when summed across individuals, total indirect social costs are almost certainly larger than the total direct costs to the 1.68 percent of people who are crime victims each year (Bentham 1789).
… ja politsei ei vali (ning võib-olla ei peagi valima) praktikaid hinnasildi järgi. (seda silti ei olegi nii lihtne arvutada, kuigi paljud arvavad teisiti)
Some police actions, in certain contexts, will provide more benefit to society in terms of crime reduction than they cost in terms of police legitimacy, and some actions will not.
Politseiline kontekst on mitmekesine:
External pressure on police departments tends to encourage crime reduction, with less attention to legitimacy costs. Even if a department was able to identify socially optimal police policies that carefully consider the distribution of direct and indirect benefits, it is not obvious those policies would be implemented by individual police officers.
Ja riigieelarves ju arvestatakse politsei panusega …
Issuing citations or making arrests for offenses that are penalized by fines can provide revenue for local government officials. Criminal fines generally accrue to the local government through the court system.
Kui tekst tundub liiga pikk, siis siin on veel viimane tsitaat lugemimotivatsiooni suurendamiseks:
The dominant incentives faced by police departments are to develop policies which provide indirect benefits—to make civilians feel safe and to see the police “doing something” about crime.
Owens, E., & Ba, B. (2021). The Economics of Policing and Public Safety. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 35(4), 3-28.