Pealkiri võib ehk kohmakas tunduda, kuid abipolitseinikud ei ole kah päris täpne vaste. Siinviidatu on võrdlevanalüüs politsei abiliste käitumise muutumisest. Eesti tähenduses tuleb silme ette abipolitsei, kuid see ei ole päris täpne. Teksti sisu on siiski väga tähelepanuväärne ja võib huvi pakkuda nii politseinikele, abipolitseinikele, poliitikakujundajatele ja paljudele teistele. Tekst on vabalevis ja pikka kommentaari ei vaja.

Kontekstiks:

This work has considered the role and significance of the private security industry and hybrid forms of policing with varying degrees of connectedness to the state. This scholarship makes clear that policing, as it ever was, is not a state monopoly (Churchill, 2017; Leloup and White, 2021).

Pluralismist politseivaldkonnas:

Johnston and Shearing (2003, 146) speak of a ‘new morphology’ of policing and security overthrowing traditional state-centred visions on domestic ordering functions. In contrast, Loader and Walker (2007) strongly emphasise the pivotal role of states, specifically public police forces, in the governance of police extended families and of broader security networks. Terpstra et al. (2013, 150–158) distinguished four models of relations between public, semi-public and private actors to better analytically grasp the governance of networks of policing (integration in the police, police as the coordinator, local government as the coordinator, marketization).

Autorid seavad eesmärgi:

We will focus on ‘auxiliary’ police agents, that is, those policing actors who work in the public sector, either for local public municipalities or for state police agencies, but who are not the primary agents of state policing.

Oluline täpsustus metoodikas:

To ensure that we compared ‘like with like’, we restricted our analysis to the transformation of four specific dimensions of auxiliary officers in the three countries for the last ten years.

Repressiivsuse tõus:

Auxiliary officers, in their powers, appearance, organisation and mandate are increasingly coming to emphasise their more repressive activities and the drivers for this shift can be found in systems of the politicisation of law and order, large-scale institutional transformation and attempts at professionalising the auxiliary officers, as we highlighted in the above analysis.

Mõned järeldused:

The increasing orientation of auxiliary policing towards crime control has implications for both the practice of policing and security in local areas and for the theorisation of plural policing more generally. […] What we argue here is that these auxiliary officers of the state, even with their restricted powers and municipal focus, while becoming more enforcement-orientated are diminishing the extent to which they offer a true alternative, or complement to, the formal state/national police system, as was the intention behind their creation. ‘Plural’ policing is not as plural as it seems.

O’Neill, M., de Maillard, J., & van Steden, R. (2022). The enforcement turn in plural policing? A comparative analysis of public police auxiliaries in England & Wales, France and The Netherlands. European Journal of Criminology