Politseivaldkond on teadusuuringute tähenduses üsna nišivaldkond ja politseijuhtimine veelgi spetsiifilisem võrreldes paljude teiste valdkondadega nagu näiteks juhtimine üldiselt või avalik juhtimine, rääkimine poliitikateadustest vms. Lisaks on riike, kus politseikõrghariduse (sh magistriõpe) õppekavadest ei leia palju vihjeid organisatsioonide ja juhtimise kohta. Seetõttu siinviidatud politseijuhtimise valdkonna erialakirjanduse süstemaatiline kirjandusülevaade oma koha leidiski.
Tekst võiks huvi pakkuda ka kõikidele organisatsioonihuvilistele aga ka uurijatele-tudengitele, kel mõttes kirjandusülevaate kirjutamine.
Police operate in complex social and political environments (Casey and Mitchell, 2007). Police leaders need to have the competences to han-dle these challenging environments (Borges, 2013). Nowadays, numerous challenges are being posed to police leaders, namely new technolo-gies like body-worn cameras (Hansen Löfstrand and Backman, 2021; Farrar and Southerland, 2015), reputational crisis like black lives matter (Washington and Henfield, 2019), and social crisis due to COVID-19 (Maskály et al., 2021). As orga-nizational reforms take place within the police (Powell and Worrall, 2021), it is of special interest to re-conduct a systematic review to address the updated profile of police leaders in terms of their competencies and expected actions.
The cur-rent study takes the challenge to update the sys-tematic review conducted by Pearson-Goff and Herrington (2014) by including recent studies and investigations from other geographic areas, namely Europe which was not analysed so far.
A systematic literature review is a review of ‘a clearly formulated question that uses systematic and explicit methods to identify, select, and criti-cally appraise relevant research and to collect and analyze data from the studies that are included in the review’ (Moher et al., 2010, p. 264). The cur-rent systematic literature review was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) approach (Moher et al., 2015). The PRISMA approach entails a four-phase flow diagram, which was used to report our results (see Fig. 1).
The search action was conducted using the following databases: Emerald, Taylor & Francis, Wiley, SAGE, Ebsco, Springer, and European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Training.
A number of criteria were specified to gather the most relevant studies. In all databases, we only included peer-reviewed articles, published in English, and with a time period between January 2013 and September 2021. Articles also had to fulfil the two criteria defined below.
- Be an empirical article.
- Be published in a peer-reviewed journal. This criterion was used since peer-reviewed jour-nals are considered as the most reliable sources of scientific information.
To assure quality, a sample of articles was inde-pendently coded by a second coder. This procedure has been adopted in previous research (e.g. Van Laar et al., 2017). We selected a randomized sample of 15% of the articles contained in the final data-base. The second coder evaluated based on the eligi-bility criteria and assessed the title, abstract, and full text of each article. In the next step, we used Cohen’s kappa coefficient to measure inter-rater agreement. The interrater reliability was 0.76, which shows good agreement between the two coders.
Moreover, four new actions emerged as important for police leadership: data analytics; enhance police interactions with external entities; dealing with leadership adversities; and creating effective action plans.
de Moura, R. C., Borges, A., Morgado, S., & Ramalho, N. (2022). Police Leadership 2.0.: A comprehensive systematic review of the literature. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1093/police/paac068