Tööandjate ootused kõrgkooli lõpetanutele on … tööandjate ootused kõrgkooli lõpetanutele. NPM ja sihtgrupipõhiste mõttevoolude rägastikus ei ole ime, et kõrgkoolid püüavad lugeda tööandjate mõtteid, sest tegemist on omamoodi turuvõitlusega. Ja tööandjatel on omad soovid. Siinviidatu on tekst äsja ilmunud erinumbrist, mille üht eetikale keskendunud ja eeltrükis ilmunud artiklit olen siin juba jaganud. Aga siinviidatu tegeleb tööandjate poolt nõutud nö pehmete oskuste tuvastamisega.

Kontekstiks (kujuteldavatest) survetest kõrgkoolidele:

Universities are under more pressure to produce graduates with transferable skills needed in the labor market and critical for employability (Clarke, 2017; Crossman and Clarke, 2010). Employers have frequently targeted institutions of higher education for not adequately preparing students or giving them transferable skills (Hurrell, 2016).

Pehmed ja kõvad oskused:

Job skills can broadly be characterized as being either hard or soft. Hard skills are teachable and measurable abilities, such as technical know-how and substantive knowledge of the field (Robles, 2012; Woodward et al., 2010). […] Soft skills, on the other hand, refer to the character traits, behaviors and attitudes associated with good employees. These skills are often referred to as ‘people skills given that they signal an individual’s ability to work well with others (Klaus, 2010) and that the acquisition of these skills allow students to adapt to organizational culture, take initiative and contribute to an organization success (Harvey, 2000).

Lugemishuvi ergutavad vihjed järeldustest:

[…] obtaining a college degree by itself, even in the practical field of public administration, is not enough to land a job. Having relevant experience matters and may be the deciding factor in whether a graduate receives a degree. […] being able to communicate about a wide range of complex topics to diverse and varied audiences is critical. […] graduates must be flexible and willing to continuously learn, including having sufficient problemsolving skills when they arrive on the job.

Kinsella, C., & Waite, B. (2021). Identifying and developing desirable soft skills for public service. Teaching Public Administration, 39(3), 337–350. https://doi.org/10.1177/0144739420931552