Parimate praktikate otsingud on endiselt paljude arvates endiselt hea idee ning sellest ei olegi midagi, kui möönda, et tegu on asjaolude õnneliku kokkusattumisega. Mitmete arvates (nt H. Simon, jpt) toimub õppimine negatiivse tagasiside kaudu. Parimad praktikad võivad siiski mitmes mõttes kasulikud olla, kuid ainult siis, kui neid adekvaatselt interpreteerida. Siinviidatu on tekst, mis võiks kuuluda kõrgkoolides magistrikursusel seminaritekstiks nii näiteks metoodika kursusel kui juhtimisvaldkonna kursustel. Siinviidatu tulemused on mõneti veidi ehmatavad põhjusel, et analüüsitavad andmed olid läbinud väga tiheda ja (eeldatavasti) kvaliteetse sõela.

Kontekstiks:

Being the highest impact methods journal in Management and Applied Psychology, Organizational Research Methods (ORM) is the source of some of the most influential research methods articles in the organizational sciences. […] As of June 2020, the top cited 35 best practice articles published in ORM between 2010 and 2020 received 8,292 total citations. Despite their popularity and utility, there is anecdotal evidence that ORM ‘best practice’ (BP) article recommendations are not always appropriately followed by organizational researchers—even when they are directly cited. Namely, in our preliminary discussion with editors and reviewers, we found surprisingly high numbers of examples of inappropriate citations and poorly followed recommendations. But how pervasive is this problem? How might we combat BP article misuse to improve the methods used in our science and enhance the impact of methodological BP articles?

Autorid pakuvad:

Based upon our review, we offer steps forward to ensure appropriate usage and citations of BP articles. Hopefully, our findings raise awareness in the organizational science community on the shortcomings of how BP articles are being used and cited by researchers.

Viitamise korrektsusest:

Appropriate citation practices, both minor and substantive in nature, are fundamental to good science. Citation behaviors include correct spelling or formatting of reference lists and in-text citations, listing the correct publication date in reference lists and in-text citations, choosing to cite credible and rigorous scholarly works, and representing or describing cited works accurately and fully (APA, 2019; Harzing, 2002). […] American Psychological Association (APA, 2019) underscores the importance of appropriate citation behaviors and states, “By following the principles of proper citation, writers ensure that readers understand their contribution in the context of the existing literature—how they are building on, critically examining, or otherwise engaging the work that has come before.”

Parimate praktikate kasutamisest …

Unfortunately, the inappropriate or satisfactory use of BP article recommendations was found to be more frequently occurring than the appropriate use demonstrated in the previous exemplars. This misrepresentation of ORM BP articles has considerable repercussions for both the research study where it is misrepresented as well as to the field, more broadly. For instance, using inappropriate missing data techniques and including meaningless control variables can bias study results (Newman, 2014; Spector & Brannick, 2011). Similarly, improper reliability estimates produce false confidence in the reliability of our measures (Cho & Kim, 2015) and impact observed relationships. Consequently, not adhering to the methodological recommendations offered in best practice articles hinders the rigor of the study and brings into question the confidence in findings.

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks väga tõsine järeldus:

Across a sample of three ORM best practice articles, only 17.4% of articles citing these pieces were identified as appropriately representing and applying their recommendations.

Kreamer, L. M., Albritton, B. H., Tonidandel, S., & Rogelberg, S. G. (2021). The Use and Misuse of Organizational Research Methods ‘Best Practice’ Articles. Organizational Research Methods. https://doi.org/10.1177/10944281211060706