Keskkonna mõju käitumisele on raskesti vaidlustatav. Küsimus on “vaid” ulatuses ja tehnikates. Noorte ja keskkonna suhe on veel eraldi huvitav ja turvalisuse aspektist aegumatu uurimisvaldkond. Siinviidatu on mitmes mõttes tähelepanuväärne artikkel, sest tegeleb nii hälbiva käitumise kui organisatsioonidega avalikus ruumis. Tõsi, kuna tegu on kriminoloogia valdkonna ajakirjaga, siis organisatsioonilised aspektid on viideteks organisatsiooniuuringuteks, kuid siiski väga tõsiseltvõetavad nii organisatsioonide kui poliitikakujundajate vaatepunktist.
Mõni võib öelda, et nt pargid ei olegi organisatsioonid. Jah, las ütleb pealegi. Selline arutlus jääb siit välja.

Artikli ambitsioon:

To date, relatively few studies have examined neighborhood resources and juvenile recidivism in the U.S. and there is no consensus as to whether organizations might impact youth reentry (Grunwald et al., 2010; Mennis et al., 2011). To address this gap we use point-level data to test whether organizational resources impact recidivism overall and for specific crime types for high and low-risk juvenile offenders in the urban southwest.

Noorte retsidiivsuse mõjuritest märgitakse muuhulgas:

Among youth populations, there is evidence that residential contextual factors such as immigrant population (Wright & Rodriguez, 2014), social capital (Grunwald et al., 2010), and juvenile offender concentration (Harris et al., 2011) can impact juvenile reoffending risk, though effects have been limited to specific juvenile populations (i.e., gender, race, severity of priors) and types of offenses. Spatial access to organizations is a barrier identified by drug court professionals who cite a mismatch between service providers and where youth live as an impediment to success (Korchmaros et al., 2017). Lockwood (2012) found that youth who live farther from substance abuse treatment services are more likely to drop out prematurely, but this remains the only spatially informed empirical study, to our knowledge, to address the relationship between organization access and juvenile reentry outcomes.

Kokkuvõttes märgitakse muuhulgas:

In line with existing juvenile recidivism research, we found that youth demographic and offense histories were the most robust predictors of repeat offending (Cottle et al., 2001). Neighborhood disadvantage was not statistically associated with recidivism risk.

Viimane refereering peidab endas tekstis esineva väärtusliku ülevaate mõjuritest noorte retsidiivsele käitumisele. Sestap on see lugu väga kasulik lugemine veidi laiemas perspektiivis, kui konkreetne juhtum.

Thompson-Dyck, K. (2021). Neighborhood Context and Juvenile Recidivism: A Spatial Analysis of Organizations and Reoffending Risk. Crime & Delinquency. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011128721999336