Siinviidatud vabalevis olev tekst leidis oma koha peamiselt põhjusel, et ergutada lugejaid kahtlema kasutatavate teooriate-mudelite vms asjakohasuses. Tõsi, iseküsimus on selles, kui palju üldse on selliseid, kes ümbritsevale tähenduse andmiseks mingeid teooriaid-mudeleid kasutavad. Ühiskondliku arengu perspektiivist on selline kriitilise mõtlemise-mõtestamise kriis problemaatiline, kuid siinviidatu sobib ka hästi selleks, et õhutada kõiki lugejaid otsima mingit perspektiivi, mille kaudu ümbritsevale tähendus anda ning mõtlema selle üle, kas või missuguses ulatuses valitu sobilik on.

Turvalises Läänes ehmatav sedastus:

Hector’s story is emblematic of how mainstream theories and research methods in criminology appear to be ill-equipped for interpreting the data I collected in Mexico. Prevailing theories of organized crime commonly depict law-enforcement institutions as entities that are, generally speaking, separated from and antagonistic towards criminal organizations (Abadinsky, 2012; Reuter, 1983; Von Lampe, 2015). […] However, the data I collected suggest that Mexico’s criminal organizations and police agencies are so intertwined that it is impossible to distinguish them from each other.

Autor selgitab …

My contention is that mainstream criminological theories’ inability to explain key aspects of Mexican organized crime does not derive from the specificity of the Mexican case. Rather, these inadequacies stem from mainstream organized crime theories’ underspecified scope.

… ja seab eesmärgi:

My aim is not to reject traditional organized crime theories. Rather, I wish to make a case for their refinement and adaptation to different contexts. More specifically, I seek to contextualize Global North theories and, in so doing, contribute to an agenda for future studies of organized crime in the Global South that is less uncritically accepting of the Global North literature.


The predominant characterization of organized crime violence in Mexico as a drug war derives, in part, from a Global North viewpoint. Undoubtedly, Mexico’s organized crime violence is intimately related to the illegal drug trade. However, its causes and mechanisms are significantly more complex and diverse than the drug epithet suggests.

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

Methodological approaches for studying organized crime are not universally good or bad. Rather, the robustness of a research design should also be appraised on the basis of how well it adapts to the context under examination.

Pereda, V. (2022). Why Global North criminology fails to explain organized crime in Mexico. Theoretical Criminology.