Väga veenev artikkel võib olla just selles tähenduses, et näitab opioidide tarvitamise ja narkoturu potentsiaali, mille võimalike mõjude avaldumine sõltub väga paljudest muudest aspektidest. Artikkel viitab olulistele suhetele, kuigi mitte relatsioonilisest vaatenurgast (see ei ole ka artikli ambitsioon).
“Whether or not the opioid crisis presents a threat to U.S. national security, as some have argued (e.g., Felter 2019), it may pose a threat to domestic security in the form of interpersonal violence. The results of our analysis indicate that, other things equal, homicide rates are higher in those parts of the country where the opioid crisis took hold most strongly. These are also areas where economic disadvantage is most pronounced, where firearms are more available, and where conservative religious cultures are prevalent. The opioid crisis itself is most pronounced where alcohol abuse and worry, stress, and other symptoms of despair are widespread. […] But the effects of illegal markets on violent crime are not uniformly strong (Andreas and Wallman 2008); they differ according to the age of the participants, market location (cities, small towns, rural areas), product type, and, for lethal violence, the level of firearm prevalence. Theory holds that, by their very nature, illegal markets are potentially violent; the actual level of violence associated with specific markets at specific times and places is an empirical question.”
Rosenfeld, R., Wallman, J., & Roth, R. (2021). The Opioid Epidemic and Homicide in the United States. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022427820986848