Imerohtude otsinguil:

“When public organizations search for new ways of improving public service delivery and are exposed to new governance ideas (Hendriks and Tops 2003), the circulation of new “magic concepts” plays a crucial role in prompting change. Magic concepts are characterized by a high degree of abstraction, a positive normative charge, an apparent ability to solve the previous governance problems and, allegedly, a widespread application across different domains (Pollitt and Hupe 2011).” (Torfing et al., 2022, p. 1)

Koosloomispõhimõttel on vajalikud müstilised tunnused:

“This new governance paradigm has supported the emergence and circulation of the notion of “co-creation,” which fits the definition of a magic concept as an abstract but positively charged term promising to solve key problems and enjoying wide-ranging applicability (Pollitt and Hupe 2011). Hence, “co-creation” promises to make the public sector more responsive and to improve the quality and creativity of public service delivery, planning, and problem-solving by involving relevant and affected actors, including lay actors such as users, citizens, communities, and civil society organizations, in distributed processes of collaboration through which problems are defined and new and bold solutions are designed and implemented (Osborne and Strokosch 2013; Voorberg, Bekkers, and Tummers 2015; Brandsen, Steen, and Verschuere 2018; Ansell and Torfing 2021).” (Torfing et al., 2022, p. 2)

Uute külaliste saabumiseks tuleb valmis olla:

“When new ideas enter an organization, they must be onboarded by gradually being given a particular meaning, justifying their adoption with reference to a particular interpretation of push and pull factors, securing broad-based support through discussions aiming to overcome initial skepticism, integrating them into existing governance discourse, and finally testing their performativity through practical experimentation before eventually upscaling their usage.” (Torfing et al., 2022, p. 4)

Üks keskseid järeldusi:

“The general finding is that the magic concept of co-creation slid sideways into the municipalities and national departments and agencies from either international research projects or Danish municipalities and researchers. As such, the mimetic isomorphic pressure appears stronger than the coercive and normative pressures.” (Torfing et al., 2022, p. 7)

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

“We willingly admit that further studies based on an even richer data material will serve to produce a more fine-grained analysis of the dynamic interaction among foreign, national, and local actors and the differences in the uptake, meaning giving, and application of co-creation in different organizations, policy areas, and public employee groups.” (Torfing et al., 2022, p. 16)

Torfing, J., Sørensen, E., & Breimo, J. P. (2022). When Norway met co-creation: The import, diffusion, and onboarding of a magic concept in public administration. International Public Management Journal, 1–20.