Mindfulnessi ja selle erinevate praktikate olulisus järjest keerustuvas keskkonnas ning kiirenevas ajas ei ole ilmselt kahtluse all. Siinviidatu leidis oma koha peamiselt põhjusel, et tegeleb mediteerimiseks motivatsiooni uurimisega ning nii tekst ise kui järeldused võiksid väga paljudele huvi pakkuda.

Kontekstiks:

“Setting the right motivation or intention for meditation practice has been an important facet of Buddhist practice since the time of the Buddha and continues to be emphasized across modern schools of Buddhism (Damdul, 2018; Sirimanne, 2018). In the Dhammapada, derived from the Pāli Canon, the sacred scriptures of the Theravada school, the Buddha encourages adherents to set their intent toward enlightenment, and negative mental states which cloud the mind, such as fear, anger, anxiety, and jealousy, will diminish (Buddharakkhita, 1985).” (Jiwani et al., 2022, page 1-2)

Mediteerimispraktikate kasutajate tõus:

“More recently, a national survey by the American Psychiatric Association revealed that a quarter of Americans planned a mental health–related New Year’s resolution in 2022, and within this group, 53% planned to engage in meditation practice (American Psychiatric Association, 2021). Simultaneously, curiosity about meditation has also increased interest in Buddhism in the U.S.A., which is evidenced by the growing number of spiritual centers which teach the spiritual tenets of Buddhism and encourage the pursuit of enlightenment (Gelles, 2019; H.G., 2018).” (Jiwani et al., 2022, p. 2)

Artikli neli eesmärki:

“This paper has four objectives. First, we aim to assess the initial motivations for practice for all individuals exposed to meditation practice as well as current motivations for those with an ongoing practice in a national sample of internet users. Second, building on prior work on motivations (Carmody et al., 2009; Pepping et al., 2016; Schmidt, 2014; Sedlmeier & Theumer, 2020; Shapiro, 1992), we aim to assess if and how motivations change over time for individuals with an ongoing practice. Third, we examine demographic correlates of initial motivations for all participants exposed to meditation and of current motivations for those with an ongoing practice. Finally, we aim to examine how initial and current motivations might be associated with the course of practice, namely current and lifetime practice amount.” (Jiwani et al., 2022, p. 2)

Vihje andmete kogumisest:

“Participants were given six possible motivations for meditation, including (1) physical health; (2) mental/emotional health, or stress reduction; (3) social, cultural, or religious identity; (4) spiritual or self-transformation goals; (5) pursuit of enlightenment, awakening, or other ultimate goal; and (6) other. Participants could select as many reasons as were applicable to them for initial and current motivation.” (Jiwani et al., 2022, p. 4)

Andmeanalüüs:

“Data were analyzed in R statistical software program (R Core Team, 2021). All data and code used for analysis are available at the Open Science Framework.” (Jiwani et al., 2022, p. 4)

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks:

“Consistent with Pepping et al. (2016), our findings suggest that a large proportion of individuals (74.2%) are initially motivated to meditate to support their mental health and/or reduce stress. Furthermore, contrary to the continuum hypothesis proposed by Shapiro (1992), mental health motivations in the present sample increased rather than decreased over time, which also aligns with Pepping et al. (2016).” (Jiwani et al., 2022, p. 8) […] “Finally, our study also suggests that the number of current motivations is associated with current and lifetime hours of practice.” (Jiwani et al., 2022, p. 9)

Jiwani, Z., Lam, S. U., Davidson, R. J., & Goldberg, S. B. (2022). Motivation for Meditation and Its Association with Meditation Practice in a National Sample of Internet Users. Mindfulness. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-022-01985-6