Siinviidatu peamine väärtus minu jaoks seisneb politseistrateegiate, valitsemise ja ühiskondlike probleemide vahelise seose reljeefses esitamises. Politseistrateegiate tõlgendamine nö politsei siseajana on küll analüütiliselt võimalik, kuid avaramast relatsioonilisest ühiskondlikust tähendusest möödavaatamine ei tõota hea ei politseiorganisatsioonile, professioonile ega turvalisusele.

Kontekstiks:

After numerous police shootings of black men (most notably in Minnesota, Illinois, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, and Wisconsin) numerous calls went out to defund the police and to introduce community policing. Despite anger, rather than rational discourse, fueling these calls, many politicians felt a duty to respond to escalating violent rioting during otherwise peaceful protests. The result was a political demand for community policing and to defund the police in many of the aforementioned localities.

Autori eesmärk:

This article explores the inherent problems within community policing and serves to link these problems within a larger discussion of governance and policing, making an argument that calls for defunding and community policing that at best demonstrate misunderstanding and at worst represent a poorly articulated political ploy.

Kogukonnakesksest politseist (väga üldine selgitus):

Community policing enjoys a vast and rich literature that bases the calls for community policing as a two-fold response to address: (a) larger political and social issues that engender or promulgate high crime and (b) the use of officer discretion that is, or is perceived to be, racially/status biased toward certain groups.

Kogukonnakesksest politseist täpsemalt:

It can at best be understood as an attempt to build a community consensus about appropriate behavior that becomes self-reinforcing over time, thus discretion is guided by the community as to what “acts” actually need to be enforced (Fielding, 2002). Sharp (2012) identifies that community policing practices employ three aspects: problem solving, citizen involvement, and decentralization.

Kogukonnakeskse politsei eetos ja politsei võimekus:

Hence, the ability of the police to ingratiate themselves into the community, as accepted members or through increased visibility, would allow for effectively using informal networks to diffuse crimes before they occur or solve the crimes that do occur (Hawdon & Ryan, 2003).

Politseitöö valikud on olemuslikult poliitilised:

Policing is inherently political, as the decisions on what to enforce, where to concentrate enforcement, how to go about enforcement, and who enforces all represent political decisions. In addition, these political decisions are especially important when considered in the scope of governance: who has the responsibility of maintaining social order and how do they legitimate their actions.

Lugemishuvi suurendamiseks vihjed kokkuvõttest:

As demonstrated, community policing, in its supported form, seeks to empower state policing efforts by tapping into latent social control mechanisms within communities. It rarely seeks to devolve police powers or limit/impede the state or police officers in the use of those powers. […] As defunding could be viewed as a coercive means to force police officials and officers to abide by politically imposed reforms (rules, procedures, and restrictions).

Malay, J. (2021). Community Policing: Misunderstanding and Misapplication Following Police Shootings. Administration & Society. https://doi.org/10.1177/00953997211045065