Noorukite vabaaja sisustamise vajadus on midagi aksiomaatilist, millele leidub hulgaliselt n-ö argielus levinud selgitusi. Vähem on tähelepanu saanud moraali ja väärtuste küsimused. Siinviidatud vabalevis olev tekst avab argumentatsiooni nii levinud arusaamadeks kui heidab valgust vähe tähelepanu saanud aspektidele ning võiks huvi pakkuda kõikidele inimestele alates noorukitest kuni õpetajate, politseinike ja poliitikakujundajateni.
Adolescents’ time use is linked to, and important for, a wide range of outcomes, including human development, health, quality of life, delinquency, and deviant behaviour (Barnes et al., 2007; Bartko and Eccles, 2003; Hunt and McKay, 2015; Larson and Verma, 1999; Viner et al., 2012). One aspect of time use central to criminology is unstructured and unsupervised time spent with peers. […] However, adolescents spend a varying amount of unstructured and unsupervised time with peers (henceforth referred to as ‘unstructured socialising’).
However, studies on ‘lifestyle’ and ‘routine activities’ tend not to focus on how unstructured socialising (a form of criminogenic setting) is part of a larger pattern of individual time use but focus instead on speciﬁc risky activities which may or may not be part of a general lifestyle or routine (Engström, 2021).
Adolescents are at increased risk of rule-breaking acts during unstructured socialising depending on their crime propensity (a person’s moral rules and ability to exercise self-control) (Svensson and Pauwels, 2010; Wikström et al., 2018).
Autorid seavad eesmärgi:
With the situational and structural aspects of time use taken into account, the current study aims to: (i) study how, and to what extent, adolescents’ structural time use differentially places them in criminogenic settings, and (ii) if adolescents within such settings are at a diversiﬁed probability of committing rule-breaking acts due to their morality.
When it comes to adolescents, they are generally subject to constraints from parenting, school attendance, and from living in neighbourhoods that their caregivers were able, or had, to choose (Bronfenbrenner, 1986; Gustafsson et al., 2017; Manley et al., 2020; van Ham et al., 2014). Relationships between parenting, neighbourhood, and adolescents’ personal characteristics are complex.
When adolescents, irrespective of time-use class or morality class, ﬁnd themselves engaged in unstructured socialising, this generally increases the probability of a rule-breaking act. However, the probability increases more for adolescents with weak morality.
Chrysoulakis, A. P., Ivert, A.-K., & Levander, M. T. (2022). From structural time use to situational rule-breaking: Analysing adolescents’ time use and the person-setting interaction. European Journal of Criminology. https://doi.org/10.1177/14773708221097657