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Sissejuhatuse esimesed laused haaravad kogu tähelepanu:

Perhaps the most fundamental question in the study of diversity, equity, and inclusion is the one that was asked by Rodney King following his near-death beating by the Los Angeles Police in 1991. The beating was caught on camera and led to major riots in which 63 people were killed and over 2000 injured. King later asked, ‘Can’t we all just get along?’.

Autor väidab:

I argue in this paper that we cannot find solutions to inclusion or equity, nor can we understand why difference makes such a difference, if we do not examine more closely the historical, structural and institutional origins of group differences (Massey, 2007; Sidanius and Pratto, 1999). […] First, I argue that diversity is always associated with hierarchical inequality. […] Second, I emphasize the historical embeddedness of diversity and inequality through processes of institutionalization […] Third, I emphasize that the structure of intergroup relations is also always subject to contentious politics and to social change and hence, to deinstitutionalization as well […] Fourth, I argue that understanding the consequences of diversity over time requires a multi-levelled analysis at the structural, cultural, and social psychological levels in their interrelationships and mutual causality […] Fifth, I call attention to the epistemological ignorance that overlays the linking of diversity and inequality

Kokkuvõttest leiab muuhulgas:

My discussion is intended to raise questions about how we have thought about the meaning of diversity, equity, and inclusion, and importantly, about how the legacies of the past come into the present and affect our ability to understand each other and get along. In trying to understand why some differences make such a difference in terms of who gets what, who believes what, and who is appreciated or denigrated, I have tried to suggest that we need to broaden our perspectives, become more interdisciplinary, take historical context into account, and be open to the potential for change and transformation. […] Understanding the system of inequality and how it is maintained over time also suggests some additional insights about how institutions are created and how they change […] Too often in the management and organization literature, group differences have been treated as essentialist rather than contingent. The relationship between diversity and inequality and the ambiguity of how group differences are manifest at different historical times suggest a need to raise questions about how we have presented and understood what differences make a difference and when difference is consequential.

DiTomaso, N. (2021) Why Difference Makes A Difference: Diversity, Inequality, And Institutionalization. Journal of Management Studies.