“Hoiduge esimesest tülist, jääb teine tulemata” – see on vist üks paljudest soovitustes, mida elukogenud inimesed noortele pereloojatele kaasa annavad.
Aga mida võib ennustada esimene kaebus politseiniku käitumise kohta? Seda võib lugeda siinviidatud tekstist.

Konteksti avades märgitakse:

As police agencies strive to ensure a culture of accountability and transparency in their police agencies, reducing officer misconduct is the focal point of their efforts. A key mechanism in this effort is the internal affairs (IA) process, which is responsible for investigating complaints and other incidents of potential officer misconduct to determine appropriate outcomes, including disciplinary action […] An effective internal affairs process is transparent and ensures investigations are thorough, consistent, and timely.

… ja andmed viitavad, et saabuvate kaebuste alguse ja sageduse põhjal võib mõndagi ennustada

For example, officers receive more complaints in their first three years, and are at greater the risk for repeated complaints dependent upon the proximity of the first complaint (Harris, 2009, 2010a, 2014; Harris & Worden, 2014; Kane & White, 2009). Also, officers who have earlier onset of citizen and internal complaints received a larger number of each complaint type respectively, on average, over time than officers with later onset (Harris, 2010b).

Artikli eesmärk:

The purpose of this study is to determine officers’ risk of repeated misconduct after receiving an initial complaint.

Varase teavituse süsteem

police agencies also have accountability tools that can identify and correct problematic behavior including an internal affairs processes, such as an Early Intervention (EI) system. An EI system identifies at-risk officers using performance indicators such as complaints to alert supervisors when an officer has exceeded a certain threshold, to provide the opportunity to address problematic behavior early. As of 2007, EI systems were used by more than 65% of U.S. police agencies and most of these EI systems include complaints as one of the measures of potential problematic behavior


Accountability tools not only hold officers and police agencies accountable but enhance police legitimacy, community trust, and improve police-community partnerships.

Mõned järeldused:

Results from both the logistic regression and survival analyses produced similar findings. First, examination of the timing between complaints revealed that among the officers who experienced a subsequent complaint, more than half did so within a year from their first, and 94% received a subsequent complaint within the first three years of receiving their initial complaint. […] Second, two of the seven divisions where the complaint originated was found to be significant. That is, officers receiving initial complaints while working in the southeast patrol division and the other divisions (i.e., gang unit, narcotics unit, traffic unit, etc.) significantly decreased their likelihood of receiving a subsequent complaint as compared to south central patrol division. […] Third, the covariates race, complaint finding, classification, and source were not significant. This is contrary to prior literature where black officers had an increased likelihood of receiving a subsequent complaint (Harris, 2010a, 2014), and officers with prior sustained complaints and discourtesy and improper or excessive force complaints were more likely to receive additional complaints

Gullion, C. L., Orrick, E. A., & Bishopp, S. A. (2021). Who Is At-Risk? An Examination of the Likelihood and Time Variation in the Predictors of Repeated Police Misconduct. Police Quarterly. https://doi.org/10.1177/10986111211013048